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Headword: Ναξιουργὴς κάνθαρος
Adler number: nu,28
Translated headword: Naxian-made kantharos
Vetting Status: high
There were boats with such a name, kantharoi, made in Naxos; the ones they now call silphai, particular kinds of light craft. Cratinus says that once, when they were masters of the sea, [the] Naxians used to use these kantharoi.[1] Or [sc. the headword phrase is to be explained] thus: the men of former times used to create constructions with the same names as the cities that had invented the boats; e.g. they used to call 'Naxian-mades' the present-day lemboi.[2] From the same [principle] [there are said] to be, also, 'Knidos-mades' from Knidos, and 'Kerkyra' from Kerkyra, and [a] 'Paron'[3] from Paros. But Menander in Ship-owner declared outright a kantharos to be a boat.[4] It is also a kind of drinking-vessel. And in Peiraieus [there is] Kantharos's Harbour. For there are three harbours [sc. there], this Kantharos's and the Aphrodision and five stoas in a circle.[5] [It is named] after a hero Kantharos.
Greek Original:
Ναξιουργὴς κάνθαρος: πλοῖα ἦν οὕτω λεγόμενα κάνθαροι, ἐν Νάξῳ γινόμενα: ὡς νῦν σίλφας λέγουσί τινα ἀκατίων εἴδη. Κρατῖνος δὲ λέγει, ὅτι θαλασσοκρατοῦντές ποτε Νάξιοι ἐχρῶντο αὐτοῖς τοῖς κανθάροις. ἢ οὕτως: τῶν πλοίων τὰς εὑρούσας πόλεις τὰς ἀρχιτεκτονίας ἐποίουν οἱ πρότεροι ἐπωνύμους: οἷον τοὺς νῦν λέμβους Ναξιουργεῖς ὠνόμαζον. ἐκ τοῦ αὐτοῦ δὲ εἶναι καὶ Κνιδιουργεῖς ἀπὸ Κνίδου, καὶ Κέρκυρα ἀπὸ Κερκύρας, καὶ Πάρωνα ἀπὸ Πάρου. ἄντικρυς δὲ Μένανδρος ἐν Ναυκλήρῳ κάνθαρος εἶπε πλοῖον εἶναι. ἔστι δὲ καὶ εἶδος ποτηρίου. καὶ ἐν Πειραιεῖ Κανθάρου λιμήν. τρεῖς γὰρ λιμένες εἰσίν, οὗτος ὁ Κανθάρου καὶ τὸ Ἀφροδίσιον καὶ κύκλῳ πέντε στοαί. ἀπὸ Κανθάρου ἥρωος.
Aristophanes, Peace 143 (web address 1), with scholion; cf. kappa 310, pi 718, sigma 421.
[1] Cratinus fr. 13 Kock, now 14 K.-A.
[2] lambda 245.
[3] Besides pi 718, cf. also mu 1420.
[4] At line 4 of Menander fr. 246 K.-A. (348 Kock, 286 K.-Th.).
[5] One expects (both here and in the parallel scholion) the three harbours to be named, but in fact only one is: the Kantharos or Goblet, apparently a term for all or part of the Great Harbour itself (see Robert Garland, The Piraeus (1987) 9). For the Aphrodision, a shrine, see Garland 150; for the stoas, Garland 152-3.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: aetiology; chronology; comedy; definition; food; geography; history; military affairs; mythology; rhetoric; trade and manufacture
Translated by: David Whitehead on 5 September 2008@08:58:21.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (link, typo, status) on 6 September 2008@00:46:32.
David Whitehead (typo; another keyword) on 7 September 2008@05:22:03.
David Whitehead on 3 June 2013@05:04:47.
David Whitehead on 30 December 2014@04:12:45.
David Whitehead on 2 January 2015@11:17:18.


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