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Headword: Νεστόριος
Adler number: nu,260
Translated headword: Nestorios, Nestorius
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
After Manes[1] and Paul[2] and Apollinarios[3] and Theodore[4] there appeared Nestorios from Germanica in Syria,[5] who seized the [patriarchal] throne of Constantinople. Like Paul and Theodore his predecessors he misused the expression of the two natures in Christ; for he was son of [Theodore] from Cilicia, and descendant of [Paul] from Samosata. Because of this he made irreconcilable war on the holy Virgin Theotokos.[6] Becoming the third representative of this Judaizing heresy, he taught that the Christ was a different one in himself and God the Word was another, according to the erroneous doctrine of his forebears. And after him [came] Eutyches.[7]
This Nestorios being an eloquent speaker by nature was thought to be educated, but in truth he was ill-trained and did not deign to learn the books of the ancient interpreters. Puffed up with his talent for speaking he did not pay accurate attention to the ancients, but considered himself better than all of them.[8]
Greek Original:
Νεστόριος: μετὰ Μάνεντα καὶ Παῦλον καὶ Ἀπολινάριον καὶ Θεόδωρον ἐφάνη Νεστόριος ἀπὸ Γερμανικείας τῆς Συρίας, τὸν θρόνον Κωνσταντινουπόλεως δραξάμενος: ὁμοίως τῇ φωνῇ τῶν ἐν Χριστῷ δύο φύσεων κακοφρόνως ἀποχρησάμενος Παύλῳ καὶ Θεοδώρῳ τοῖς ἑαυτοῦ προγόνοις: υἱὸς μὲν γὰρ ἦν τοῦ Κίλικος, ἀπόγονος δὲ τοῦ Σαμοσατέως. καὶ διὰ τοῦτο πρὸς τὴν ἁγίαν παρθένον καὶ θεοτόκον ἄσπονδον ἤρατο πόλεμον. τρίτος προστάτης γεγονὼς τῆς Ἰουδαϊκῆς ταύτης αἱρέσεως ἄλλον εἶναι παρ' ἑαυτῷ τὸν Χριστὸν καὶ ἄλλον τὸν θεὸν λόγον κατὰ τὴν πατρικὴν αὐτοῦ πλάνην ἐδογμάτισε. μετὰ δὲ τοῦτον Εὐτύχης. οὗτος δὲ ὁ Νεστόριος φυσικῶς εὔλαλος ὢν πεπαιδεῦσθαι μὲν ἐνομίζετο, τῇ δὲ ἀληθείᾳ ἀνάγωγος ἦν καὶ τὰς τῶν παλαιῶν ἑρμηνεύων βίβλους ἀπηξίου μανθάνειν: τυφούμενος γὰρ ὑπὸ τῆς εὐγλωττίας οὐκ ἀκριβῶς προσεῖχε τοῖς παλαιοῖς, ἀλλὰ πάντων κρείττονα ἐνόμιζεν ἑαυτόν.
Notes:
For favorable and unfavorable views of Nestorius, see web addresses 1 and 2.
[1] Manes or Mani: mu 147.
[2] Paul of Samosata: pi 813.
[3] Apollinarios: alpha 3397, alpha 3398.
[4] Theodore of Mopsuestia: theta 154.
[5] a.k.a. Caesarea Germanice; present-day (Kahraman)maras; Barrington Atlas map 67 grid D1.
[6] Nestorios rejected the title "Theotokos" (God-bearer) for the Virgin Mary, which was approved by the Council of Ephesus in 431. Nestorios could be considered an intellectual or spiritual descendant of Paul and Theodore.
[7] Eutyches: epsilon 3782. Up to this point the entry comes from the Chronicon of George the Monk (470.10, 470.21, 471.8, 471.25-472).
[8] Socrates, Ecclesiastical History 7.32.10.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: biography; Christianity; chronology; ethics; geography; historiography; religion; rhetoric
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 18 April 2005@12:52:54.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added another note and more keywords; cosmetics) on 19 April 2005@05:31:03.
Catharine Roth (augmented note) on 19 April 2005@13:26:20.
Catharine Roth (added keyword) on 3 October 2005@17:31:24.
Catharine Roth (tweaks) on 5 May 2008@17:27:06.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 6 May 2008@04:36:12.
David Whitehead on 7 June 2013@05:30:14.

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