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Headword: Νάνος
Adler number: nu,26
Translated headword: dwarf
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Used] in reference to small [people], in Neoclides and Aristotle. And Theophrastus [writes]: "as [being] a dwarf and having large genitals." For dwarves have large genitals.[1]
Stunted human beings are called νάννοι . Also ναννοφυεῖς ["short in stature"]. But stunted horses are called ἰννοι .[2]
Most later [people] write this [word] γίννοι . The expression seems to be derived from being deprived of the upper parts [το ἄνω ], for properly speaking dwarf creatures stoop down, like infants, who also have larger upper parts.[3]
Greek Original:
Νάνος: ἐπὶ τῶν μικρῶν, παρὰ Νεοκλείδῃ καὶ Ἀριστοτέλει. καὶ ὁ Θεόφραστος: ὡς νάνον καὶ αἰδοῖον ἔχοντα μέγα. οἱ γοῦν νάνοι μέγα αἰδοῖον ἔχουσι. Νάννοι λέγονται οἱ κολοβοὶ τῶν ἀνθρώπων. καὶ ναννοφυεῖς. οἱ δὲ κολοβοὶ τῶν ἵππων ἰννοί. οἱ πλείους τῶν ὕστερον γίννους τούτους γράφουσι. δοκεῖ παρὰ τὸ ἐστερῆσθαι τοῦ ἄνω εἰρῆσθαι ἡ λέξις: κατακύπτει γὰρ τὰ κυρίως νάνα, καθὰ καὶ τὰ βρέφη, ὧν καὶ μείζω τὰ ἄνω.
Notes:
The better spelling of the headword seems to be νάνος (or νᾶνος with circumflex accent), but the spelling with double nu (νάννος ) is common in manuscripts.
[1] Likewise in Photius nu18 Theodoridis (more briefly already in Hesychius nu62), and see also Apostolius 11.97. 'Neoclides' is perhaps the Athenian philosopher (C5/4 BCE) of that name, though Theodoridis suspects a textual problem. The Aristotle passage is History of Animals 577b27, and the Theophrastus one is fr. 339 Fortenbaugh.
[2] cf. scholion on Aristophanes, Peace 790 (where νανοφυεῖς appears); see also iota 385, kappa 396, sigma 1762.
[3] cf. Orion [Author, Myth] 108.18; Etymologicum Magnum 597.27.
Keywords: children; comedy; definition; gender and sexuality; medicine; philosophy; zoology
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 10 February 2006@23:10:46.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added note number; augmented notes and keywords) on 12 February 2006@04:51:52.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 3 June 2013@04:59:36.
David Whitehead on 4 June 2013@03:19:36.

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