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Headword: Νέρων
Adler number: nu,254
Translated headword: Nero
Vetting Status: high
emperor of [the] Romans. This man, while strengthening the kingdom for himself, drifted into profane doings and practiced deeds foreign to rule, playing the cithara and acting a tragedy and dancing in choruses in the theatres. And in addition to all his doings of unlawful deeds, he added the defilement of fighting against God, becoming the first persecutor of the word of God. And after these things, he killed both his mother[1] and himself.
Nero, while still young, had spare time for philosophers and was examining closely the things concerning Christ; for he still was making it his custom to associate himself with people. And understanding that [Christ] had been crucified by the Jews, he felt irritation and commanded that the chief priests Annas and Caiaphas and Pilate himself, who had been ruling then, come [to him], bound with iron. And having presided over the summoned council, he understood the things that happened concerning him. Therefore Annas and Caiaphas were saying about him that "we handed him over to the laws and we did not err in our loyalty;[2] for the one ruling, having authority, did as much as he wished." Therefore, Nero, irritated, threw Pilate into prison and released those with Annas and Caiaphas. Simon the Magus was then at his prime. And when Peter and Simon were arguing in the presence of Nero, Pilate was brought from the prison. And when the three were standing beside Nero, he asked Simon, "Are you the Christ?" and he said, "Yes". Next he asked Peter, "Are you the Christ?" and he said, "No; for while I was standing beside him, he was taken up into heaven". And [Nero] asked Pilate, "Which out of these men is the one called Christ?". And he said, "Neither one; for on the one hand, Peter became his disciple and was brought into my presence as his disciple and he denied him, saying, 'I do not know the man.'[3] And I let him go. On the other hand, this Simon was in no way known to me, and he had nothing in resemblance to that one; for this one is both Egyptian and quite filled out and with long hair and dark, entirely different from the form of that man". Therefore, the emperor, irritated, on the one hand against Simon, having cheated by lies and having said himself [to be] Christ, on the other hand against Peter, having denied his teacher, threw them out from the council. He cut off Pilate's head, as one daring to kill such a great man without royal command.
And Nero acquired the name "clay mixed with blood".
[sc. This material] is in the [entry on] Alexander Aigaios.[4]
Greek Original:
Νέρων, βασιλεὺς Ῥωμαίων. οὗτος κραταιουμένης αὐτῷ τῆς βασιλείας ἐς ἀνοσίους πράξεις ἐξώκειλε καὶ ἀλλότρια τῆς βασιλείας ἐπετήδευσε πράγματα, κιθαρίζων καὶ τραγῳδῶν καὶ ὀρχούμενος ἐπὶ τῶν θεάτρων. καὶ πρὸς πάσαις αὐτοῦ ταῖς ἀθεμιτουργίαις καὶ τὸ τῆς θεομαχίας μύσος προσέθηκε, διώκτης πρῶτος γενόμενος τοῦ θείου λόγου. μετὰ δὲ ταῦτα ἀνεῖλε καὶ τὴν μητέρα καὶ ἑαυτόν. ὅτι Νέρων ἔτι νέος ὢν ἐσχόλαζε φιλοσόφοις καὶ τὰ περὶ τοῦ Χριστοῦ κατεμάνθανεν: ἔτι γὰρ ἐνόμιζεν αὐτὸν τοῖς ἀνθρώποις συναναστρέφεσθαι. καὶ μαθών, ὅτι ὑπὸ τῶν Ἰουδαίων ἐσταυρώθη, ἠγανάκτησε καὶ προσέταξεν ἐλθεῖν τοὺς ἱερεῖς Ἄνναν καὶ Καϊάφαν καὶ αὐτὸν Πιλάτον τὸν ἄρχοντα τότε γενόμενον σιδηροδεσμίους. καὶ καθίσας ἐπὶ τῆς συγκλήτου τὰ περὶ αὐτοῦ πεπραγμένα κατεμάνθανεν. οἱ οὖν περὶ τὸν Ἄνναν καὶ Καϊάφαν ἔλεγον, ὅτι ἡμεῖς τοῖς νόμοις αὐτὸν παρεδώκαμεν καὶ εἰς καθοσίωσιν οὐχ ἡμάρτομεν: ὁ γὰρ ἄρχων ἐξουσίαν ἔχων ὅσα ἠβουλήθη ἔπραξεν. ἀγανακτήσας οὖν ὁ Νέρων Πιλάτον ἐν τῷ δεσμωτηρίῳ ἐνέβαλε, τοὺς δὲ περὶ τὸν Ἄνναν καὶ Καϊάφαν ἀπέλυσεν. ἤκμαζε δὲ τότε καὶ Σίμων ὁ μάγος. καὶ διαλεγομένων Πέτρου καὶ Σίμωνος παρουσίᾳ Νέρωνος, ἤχθη Πιλάτος ἀπὸ τοῦ δεσμωτηρίου: καὶ παρισταμένων τῶν τριῶν τῷ Νέρωνι, ἐρωτᾷ τὸν Σίμωνα, σὺ εἶ ὁ Χριστός; ὁ δὲ λέγει, ναί. εἶτα ἐρωτᾷ τὸν Πέτρον, σὺ εἶ ὁ Χριστός; ὁ δὲ λέγει, οὔ: ἐμοῦ γὰρ παρισταμένου εἰς τὸν οὐρανὸν ἀνελήφθη. ἠρώτησε δὲ καὶ τὸν Πιλάτον, ποῖός ἐστιν ἐκ τούτων ὁ λεγόμενος Χριστός; καὶ εἶπεν, οὐδὲ εἷς: ὁ μὲν γὰρ Πέτρος μαθητὴς αὐτοῦ γέγονε καὶ εἰσηνέχθη παρ' ἐμοὶ ὡς μαθητὴς αὐτοῦ καὶ ἠρνήσατο αὐτὸν λέγων, οὐκ οἶδα τὸν ἄνθρωπον: καὶ ἀπέλυσα αὐτόν. οὗτος δὲ ὁ Σίμων οὐδαμῶς ἔγνωσταί μοι, οὐδεμίαν δὲ ἔχει ὁμοιότητα πρὸς ἐκεῖνον: ἔστι γὰρ οὗτος καὶ Αἰγύπτιος καὶ ἐμπληθὴς καὶ κατάκομος καὶ μέλας, παντελῶς τῆς ἐκείνου μορφῆς ἀλλότριος. ἀγανακτήσας οὖν ὁ βασιλεὺς κατὰ μὲν τοῦ Σίμωνος ὡς ψευσαμένου καὶ εἰπόντος ἑαυτὸν Χριστόν, κατὰ δὲ τοῦ Πέτρου ὡς ἀρνησαμένου τὸν διδάσκαλον ἐξέβαλεν αὐτοὺς ἀπὸ τοῦ συνεδρίου. τὸν δὲ Πιλάτον τῆς κεφαλῆς ἀπέτεμεν ὡς τηλικοῦτον ἄνθρωπον ἀνελεῖν τολμήσαντα δίχα βασιλικῆς προστάξεως. ὡς δὲ ἐκλήθη ὁ Νέρων πηλὸς αἵματι πεφυρμένος. κεῖται ἐν τῷ Ἀλέξανδρος Αἰγαῖος.
Ruled AD 54-68. See generally Miriam Griffin in OCD(4) s.v.; and De Imperatoribus Romanis entry at web address 1. The present entry begins with George the Monk, Chronicon 381.19-382.1, before turning (at greater length) to John of Antioch fr.90 FHG (4.574), now 172 Roberto.
[1] Agrippina.
[2] cf. kappa 122.
[3] Matthew 26.70, 72, 74 (web address 2); Mark 14.71 (web address 3); Luke 22.57 (web address 4).
[4] alpha 1128.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3,
Web address 4
Keywords: biography; Christianity; clothing; ethics; geography; historiography; history; law; meter and music; philosophy; religion; stagecraft; women
Translated by: Cindy Whitcomb on 9 December 2002@13:56:16.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (modified links) on 9 December 2002@23:53:23.
David Whitehead (modified translation; augmented notes; cosmetics) on 10 December 2002@03:27:28.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 24 October 2005@07:45:30.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 1 December 2005@07:40:22.
David Whitehead (augmented primary note; more keywords; tweaks) on 26 October 2009@08:35:11.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 7 June 2013@05:17:15.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 7 August 2014@04:21:43.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 9 November 2014@01:10:09.
Catharine Roth (sorted links) on 9 November 2014@17:20:54.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 28 November 2014@00:27:13.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 29 January 2015@10:22:02.


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