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Headword: Νεοφρῶν Νεοφῶν
Adler number: nu,218
Translated headword: Neophron or Neophon
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
of Sikyon,[1] tragedian. The Medea of Euripides is by him, they say.[2] He was the first to bring onto [the stage] slave-tutors[3] and torture of slaves. He produced 120 tragedies. Subsequently he associated with Alexander of Macedon, and, because he was a friend of the philosopher Callisthenes, Alexander killed him too, together with Kallisthenes, by mutilation.[4]
Greek Original:
Νεοφρῶν ἢ Νεοφῶν, Σικυώνιος, τραγικός: οὗ φασιν εἶναι τὴν τοῦ Εὐριπίδου Μήδειαν: ὃς πρῶτος εἰσήγαγε παιδαγωγοὺς καὶ οἰκετῶν βάσανον. ἐδίδαξε δὲ τραγῳδίας ρκ#. συνῆν δὲ τὰ μετὰ ταῦτα Ἀλεξάνδρῳ τῷ Μακεδόνι, καὶ διότι φίλος ἦν Καλλισθένει τῷ φιλοσόφῳ, σὺν ἐκείνῳ καὶ αὐτὸν ἀνεῖλεν αἰκισμοῖς.
Notes:
C5/4 BCE; OCD4 Neophron (the authentic version of the name).
[1] In the NE Peloponnese.
[2] Authorities for this claim are cited in one of the hypotheses (brief introductions) to the Medea. Modern scholars concede, from comparative study of the two plays (that of Neophron preserved in fragments), a close link of some kind; but debate continues as to which was the model for the other.
[3] See generally pi 846.
[4] For Callisthenes of Olynthos, nephew of Aristotle, see generally kappa 240 - where "Nearchos the tragedian" is mentioned as his fellow-victim of Alexander in 328/7 BCE. See generally A.B. Bosworth, Conquest and Empire: the reign of Alexander the Great (Cambridge 1988) 117-119. But whatever the name of this man, chronology rules out his being the tragedian with whom the entry has begun.
Keywords: biography; chronology; daily life; definition; ethics; geography; history; philosophy; stagecraft; tragedy
Translated by: David Whitehead on 4 December 2001@05:55:39.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, status) on 10 December 2003@18:19:38.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 11 December 2003@02:59:25.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 6 June 2013@08:36:21.
David Whitehead on 7 August 2014@04:19:59.

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