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Headword: Νέμεσις
Adler number: nu,163
Translated headword: nemesis, Nemesis
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] vengeance, justice, outrage, [divine] spite, chance.[1]
"[They] perceiving Nemesis, the executioner of braggarts, who pursued them with justice."[2] And elsewhere: "[he] did not escape the notice of Nemesis who opposes all the arrogant, but was compelled to be taught a lesson in [his] private misfortunes."[3]
"Nemesis was present, she who watches the things of the earth"; or in other words, she who watches unjust acts. Babrius says [this] in the Fables.[4]
And Aelian [writes]: "palpable evidence of Nemesis the overseer, chastizing proud and disdainful ways".[5]
And [there is] a proverb: "at least Nemesis walks at your feet"; tantamount [to saying] the goddess swiftly pursues wrong-doers.[6]
"Unnoticed she walks at your feet, snaps your haughty neck, and always holds sway over your sustenance with her forearm."[7]
Greek Original:
Νέμεσις: μέμψις, δίκη, ὕβρις, φθόνος, τύχη. τὴν τῶν ἀλαζόνων τιμωρὸν συνέντες Νέμεσιν, ἥπερ αὐτοὺς μετῆλθε σὺν τῇ δίκῃ. καὶ αὖθις: οὐκ ἔλαθε τὴν ἅπασιν ἐναντιουμένην τοῖς ὑπερηφάνοις Νέμεσιν, ἀλλ' ἐν ταῖς ἰδίαις ἠναγκάσθη παιδευθῆναι συμφοραῖς. παρῆν δ' ἡ Νέμεσις, ἣ τὰ γῆς ἐποπτεύει: ἢ καὶ ἄλλως, ἣ τἄδικ' ἐποπτεύει. Βάβριός φησιν ἐν Μυθικοῖς. καὶ Αἰλιανός: Νεμέσεως ἐφόρου, τρόπους ὑπερόπτας καὶ ὑπερηφάνους κολαζούσης, ἐναργῆ μαρτύρια. καὶ παροιμία: Νέμεσις δέ γε πὰρ πόδας βαίνει: παρόσον μέτεισι ταχέως ἡ δαίμων τοὺς ἡμαρτηκότας. λήθουσα δὲ πὰρ πόδας βαίνεις, γαυρούμενον αὐχένα κλίνεις, ὑπὸ πῆχυν ἀεὶ βιοτὰν κρατεῖς.
Notes:
See already nu 162, and generally OCD4 Nemesis.
[1] This compendious list of synonyms (some closer than others) for the headword is also in other lexica, with other permutations elsewhere: see the references at Photius nu111 Theodoridis.
[2] Aelian fr. 231 Domingo-Forasté (232 Hercher).
[3] Aelian fr. 232 Domingo-Forasté (233 Hercher).
[4] Babrius 43.6. (The Suda adds the definite article.)
[5] Aelian fr. 163 Domingo-Forasté (160 Hercher).
[6] See generally Tosi (cited under alpha 378) no.898, on Horace's culpam poena premit comes and Greek parallels.
[7] Synesius, Letter 95, p.235b Hercher, quoting Mesomedes; see under upsilon 559.
Keywords: biography; daily life; definition; ethics; history; mythology; poetry; proverbs; religion; rhetoric
Translated by: Jennifer Benedict on 13 June 2000@13:35:52.
Vetted by:
William Hutton (Minor changes) on 13 June 2000@23:12:31.
David Whitehead (added notes, bibliography, keywords; cosmetics) on 24 May 2001@03:40:05.
Catharine Roth (augmented note, added keyword) on 1 June 2001@18:31:53.
David Whitehead (another note) on 15 August 2012@09:32:21.
Catharine Roth (updated references) on 29 October 2012@02:10:57.
David Whitehead (augmented notes; tweaking) on 6 June 2013@04:09:01.
David Whitehead on 7 August 2014@04:18:42.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 19 May 2016@03:59:05.

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