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Headword: Νεμεσητικός
Adler number: nu,157
Translated headword: disposed to indignation, indignant
Vetting Status: high
The opposite of jealous [φθονερός ]. For the jealous man is grieved at the prosperity of the good, since jealousy [φθόνος ] is like this. But the indignant man [νεμεσητικός ] is one who is grieved at the prosperity of the evil, for such is indignation [νέμεσις ]. So the indignant man is not jealous. The problem is one of definition.[1]
In envy [or: emulation] of the orators he says this; for when someone defines that the man who is called indignant is also jealous, since he himself blames certain people, we reply by defining that the indignant man is not such [sc. jealous], if indeed he rightly blames certain people, but he who blames a person undeserving [of blame]: for this man is [properly called] jealous.[2]
Greek Original:
Νεμεσητικός: ὁ ἐναντίος τῷ φθονερῷ. ὁ μὲν γὰρ φθονερὸς λυπεῖται ἐπὶ ταῖς τῶν καλῶν εὐπραγίαις, ἐπεὶ καὶ ὁ φθόνος τοιοῦτον, νεμεσητικὸς δὲ ὁ λυπούμενος ἐπὶ ταῖς τῶν κακῶν εὐπραγίαις: τοιοῦτον γὰρ ἡ νέμεσις. ὥστε ὁ νεμεσητικὸς οὐ φθονερός. ἔστι δὲ τὸ πρόβλημα ὁρικόν. ζήλῳ ῥητόρων τοῦτο λέγει: ὁριζομένου γάρ τινος φθονερὸν εἶναι καὶ τὸν λεγόμενον νεμεσητικόν, ἐπειδὴ καὶ αὐτὸς μέμφεταί τινας, ἀνθοριζόμεθα, οὐ τὸν νεμεσητικὸν τοιοῦτον εἶναι, εἴπερ ὀρθῶς τινας μέμφεται, ἀλλὰ τὸν μὴ δέοντα μεμφόμενον: αὐτὸς γάρ ἐστι φθονερός.
[1] Alexander of Aphrodisias, Commentaries on Aristotle's Topica 142.10-18. On νέμεσις see nu 163 and related entries; on φθόνος (translated here as jealousy, but often meaning spite), see phi 508, phi 509, phi 510.
[2] This supplementary material (of indeterminable origin) is lacking, Adler reports, in mss AFV and added in the margin of ms M.
Keywords: definition; ethics; philosophy; rhetoric
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 25 October 2005@11:55:58.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 26 October 2005@03:46:56.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 5 June 2013@08:40:48.
David Whitehead (coding; tweak) on 19 May 2016@03:56:52.


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