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Headword: Ναζιραῖος
Adler number: nu,10
Translated headword: Nazarite
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] he who is pleasing to God, and has been dedicated to him; the monk.[1]
One must note that when Claudius was emperor of Rome[2] Peter the Apostle ordained Evodius in Antioch,[3] and the formerly-known Nazarites and Galileans came to be called Christians.[4]
Greek Original:
Ναζιραῖος: ὁ θεῷ κεχαρισμένος, καὶ ἀφιερωμένος: ὁ μοναχός. ἰστέον δέ, ὅτι ἐπὶ Κλαυδίου βασιλέως Ῥώμης Πέτρου τοῦ ἀποστόλου χειροτονήσαντος Εὐόδιον ἐν Ἀντιοχείᾳ, μετωνομάσθησαν οἱ πάλαι λεγόμενοι Ναζιραῖοι καὶ Γαλιλαῖοι Χριστιανοί.
Notes:
[1] Similar glossing in Hesychius nu10.
[2] 41-54 CE.
[3] First bishop of Antioch after Peter: Eusebius 3.22; see web address 1.
[4] For the Nazarites (Hebrew נְזִרִים /nəzɪrim/, "separate" or "consecrated") in the Septuagint see e.g. Numbers 6:1-21; also web address 2. In the present context (quoted from chi 523) there seems to be confusion between "Nazarite" (Hebrew נזיר /nazɪr/) and "Nazarene" (nu 9; from the Hebrew נצרת /natsɛrɛθ/, Nazareth). The confusion may go back to the Gospels: Matthew 2.23 "he shall be called a Ναζωραῖος " (cf. nu 12); but the interpretation of this passage is disputed, especially since the alleged quotation has no obvious source in the Old Testament.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: biography; Christianity; chronology; definition; ethics; geography; history; religion
Translated by: Alex Gottesman on 21 November 2002@12:42:17.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified notes; added keyword; cosmetics) on 22 November 2002@03:58:26.
Catharine Roth (modified translation) on 9 December 2002@22:41:45.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 3 October 2005@09:36:44.
Elizabeth Vandiver (tweaked translation) on 24 August 2011@14:56:51.
Catharine Roth (modified link) on 24 August 2011@15:01:29.
David Whitehead (another note; more keywords; tweaking) on 30 May 2013@06:29:23.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 9 March 2016@22:46:38.
Raphael Finkel (Added Hebrew) on 10 March 2016@04:47:05.
Raphael Finkel (Added more Hebrew) on 10 March 2016@10:24:47.
Catharine Roth (expanded note) on 10 March 2016@11:35:43.
Catharine Roth (cross-reference) on 10 March 2016@11:37:41.
Catharine Roth (expanded note) on 10 March 2016@18:51:03.
David Whitehead (coding) on 19 May 2016@03:05:46.

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