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Headword: Μήτηρ
Adler number: mu,993
Translated headword: mother
Vetting Status: high
[genitive] μητέρος ["of a mother"], and with syncope μητρός .[1] And ταῖς μητράσι [is] the [dative] plural.
Greek Original:
Μήτηρ, μητέρος, καὶ ἐν συγκοπῇ μητρός. καὶ ταῖς μητράσι τὸ πληθυντικόν.
[1] The declension in the singular should be nominative μήτηρ with lengthened e-grade, vocative μῆτερ , genitive and dative oxytone with zero-grade of the stem μητρός and μητρί , accusative paroxytone with e-grade of the stem μητέρα . But in epic/poetic language the genitive and dative can show the e-grade, which is probably a secondary development by analogy and/or metri causa and not, as implied in this entry, an original stage from which the more common form develops by syncope; cf. Etymologicum Gudianum 394.6, Etymologicum Magnum 584.53, and LSJ s.v. μήτηρ (web address 1).
[2] In the dative plural, -ρα- comes from an inherited vocalic r. The paroxytone accent has been attributed (not without dispute) to Wheeler's Law, on the assumption that the original accentuation was oxytone. See bibliography below.
M. Lejeune, Phonétique historique du mycénien et du grec ancien (Paris 1972), p. 297
P. Probert, Ancient Greek Accentuation (Oxford 2006), pp. 91, 95 n. 30
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; meter and music; poetry; tragedy; women
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 7 April 2008@15:05:10.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (cosmetic) on 8 April 2008@03:39:08.
William Hutton (cosmetics, augmented note, added link and keywords) on 8 April 2008@03:46:58.
Catharine Roth (added note 2 and bibliography) on 9 April 2008@11:55:35.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note) on 9 April 2008@11:57:31.
Catharine Roth (updated bibliography) on 5 June 2008@11:31:21.
David Whitehead on 22 May 2013@05:04:41.


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