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Headword: Μακαρίτας
Adler number: mu,57
Translated headword: blessed ones
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] the dead [referred to] euphemistically, on the grounds that those who died are blessed, because they no longer perceive anything terrible. Some Dorians call them ζαμερίται , as if they have already obtained a share of the greater part; for the [sc. prefix] ζα refers to something big.[1]
Aristophanes in Wealth [writes]: "how blessed, o Demeter, you have laid down his life, if having lived sparingly and toiled he will not even leave [wherewithal] to be buried." He misused [the word μακαρίτην by using it] instead of μακάριον ["blessed"]; unless he is joking, as if [he meant] a dead man's life.[2]
Greek Original:
Μακαρίτας: τοὺς τεθνεῶτας εὐφήμως, ὡς μακαρίων ὄντων τῶν τελευτησάντων, ὅτι οὐκέτι αἰσθάνονταί τινος δεινοῦ. Δωριέων τινὲς αὐτοὺς ζαμερίτας καλοῦσιν, οἷον τῆς μείζονος μερίδος ἤδη κεκοινωνηκότας. τὸ γὰρ ζὰ ἐπὶ τοῦ μεγάλου τίθεται. Ἀριστοφάνης Πλούτῳ: ὡς μακαρίτην, ὦ Δάματερ, τὸν βίον αὐτοῦ κατέλεξας, εἰ φεισάμενος καὶ μοχθήσας καταλείψει μηδὲ ταφῆναι. κατεχρήσατο ἀντὶ τοῦ μακάριον: εἰ μὴ ἄρα παίζει, οἷον νεκροῦ βίον.
[1] cf. scholion on Aeschylus, Persians 633 (where this headword appears, as again here, in the accusative plural: web address 1). For za- words see also e.g. zeta 10, zeta 13, zeta 22.
[2] Aristophanes, Plutus [Wealth] 555-6 (web address 2), with scholion.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; ethics; geography; religion; tragedy
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 18 April 2009@21:39:36.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented n.1; another keyword; cosmetics) on 27 April 2009@04:12:53.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaking) on 29 April 2013@03:30:41.
Catharine Roth (fixed link) on 15 September 2013@18:03:26.
Catharine Roth (added another link) on 15 September 2013@18:07:23.


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