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Headword: *meledwno/s
Adler number: mu,474
Translated headword: caretaker
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning a] mentor, overseer.[1]
Aelian [writes]: "he designated his own brother the guardian of his son and caretaker of the money [which he left to his son]. But he [sc. the brother], being impious, was striving to usurp the son's property."[2]
And Eunapius [writes]: "having attired some woman of the same customs in a white dress and garlands as being the caretaker of Syria's so-called goddess."[3] That is, a priestess.[4]
And Aelian [writes]: "[sc. this is the man] who was Nero's freedman, having been left behind as the caretaker and overseer of affairs in Rome, when Nero set out to Achaia."[5]
Greek Original:
*meledwno/s: frontisth/s, e)pimelhth/s. *ai)liano/s: o( de\ to\n i)/dion a)delfo\n kate/lipe tou= ui(ou= e)pi/tropon kai\ tw=n xrhma/twn meledwno/n. o( de\ a)no/sios w)\n ta\ tou= paido\s sfeteri/sasqai e)gli/xeto. kai\ *eu)na/pios: tw=n au)tw=n e)qw=n gunai=ka/ tina stei/las e)sqh=ti leukh=| kai\ ste/mmasin, w(s dh\ meledwno\n ou)=san th=s *suri/as ou(/tw dh\ kaloume/nhs qeou=. toute/stin i(e/reian. kai\ *ai)liano/s: o(\s h)=n *ne/rwnos a)peleu/qeros, a)poleifqei\s meledwno\s tw=n e)n *(rw/mh| kai\ e)/foros, o(/te *ne/rwn e)s *)axai/+an e)cwrmh/qh.
The headword is the nominative singular form of the noun. Of the three quotations that follow only the last presents the word in this form; in the other two cases the word appears in the accusative singular. The lexicographical information (see n. 1 below) perhaps derives from commentary to Herodotos 7.38 (web address 1), where we find one of the only other non-lexicographical attestations of this form. See also mu 475, where the plural form is glossed and ascribed specifically to Herodotos.
[1] cf. Hesychius mu669, mu670; ps.-Herodian 213; Glossae in Herodotum mu3; Synagoge, Photius mu228 Theodoridis, and ps.-Zonaras 1339. Adler also cites the unpublished Ambrosian Lexicon (305). Cf. delta 461 gloss; kappa 1485 end.
[2] Aelian fr. 72 Hercher, 75 Domingo-Forasté; an abridgment of part of a passage quoted at greater length at eta 350.
[3] Eunapius fr.94 FHG (4.54), 88 Blockley (1983: 124-5). Kuster preferred e)tw=n (genitive plural of 'kinsmen') over e)qw=n ('customs').
[4] Here the Suda uses the feminine accusative singular i(e/reian, referring back to gunai=ka/ tina in the prior fragment.
[5] Aelian fr. 119 Hercher (122 Domingo-Forasté). On Nero (Roman emperor 54-68 CE) cf. nu 254 and OCD(4) s.v. This passage concerns Nero's sojourn in Greece, beginning in September 66, where he performed in musical concerts and the Olympic Games, and pronounced the freedom of the Greeks in November 67. The emperor had delegated control over Roman affairs to his freedman Helius; cf. Suetonius, Nero 22-24 (web address 2); Cassius Dio 62.12; Henderson (1908): 382ff; Champlin (2003): 53-61.
D. Domingo-Forasté, ed., Claudii Aeliani: Epistulae et Fragmenta, Teubner: Stuttgart and Leipzig, 1994
R.C. Blockley, The Fragmentary Classicising Historians of the Later Roman Empire: Eunapius, Olympiodorus, Priscus and Malchus, vol. II, Liverpool: Francis Cairns, 1983
E. Champlin, Nero. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2003
B.W. Henderson, The Life and Principate of the Emperor Nero, London: Methuen, 1908
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2
Keywords: athletics; biography; children; chronology; clothing; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; ethics; geography; historiography; history; meter and music; politics; religion; women
Translated by: Ronald Allen on 26 March 2008@03:14:36.
Vetted by:
William Hutton (tweaked hw and tr. augmented notes, raised status) on 26 March 2008@04:05:51.
William Hutton (corrected my own typo) on 26 March 2008@04:08:34.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 26 March 2008@04:28:30.
William Hutton (tweaks, augmented notes, added bibliography, raised status) on 26 March 2008@08:13:12.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 15 May 2013@03:39:57.
David Whitehead on 9 August 2014@08:25:08.
David Whitehead (coding etc.) on 17 May 2016@10:34:37.


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