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Headword: Μελανιππίδης
Adler number: mu,454
Translated headword: Melanippides
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
A maternal grandson of the elder,[1] and son of Crito, who was also himself a lyric poet. He made many innovations in the composing of dithyrambs and, after spending time with King Perdiccas,[2] he ended his life there. He too wrote lyric songs and dithyrambs.
Greek Original:
Μελανιππίδης, θυγατριδοῦς τοῦ πρεσβυτέρου, παῖς δὲ Κρίτωνος, λυρικοῦ καὶ αὐτοῦ: ὃς ἐν τῇ τῶν διθυράμβων μελοποιί̈ᾳ ἐκαινοτόμησε πλεῖστα καὶ διατρίψας παρὰ Περδίκκᾳ τῷ βασιλεῖ ἐκεῖ τὸν βίον κατέστρεψεν. ἔγραψε καὶ αὐτὸς ᾄσματα λυρικὰ καὶ διθυράμβους.
Notes:
This is the dithyramb poet of the second half of the 5th. Century BC (OCD(4) 926 'Melanippides(2)'), whose career is compared to his grandfather of the same name (mu 455; OCD loc.cit 'Melanippides(1)). In Xenophon, Memorabilia 1.4.3 Aristodemus calls him his favorite dithyramb-poet. Aristotle, Rhetoric 1409b, says that he replaced antistrophes with ἀναβολαί 'preludes'. These were to become a dominant feature (alpha 1810) of the 'new dithyramb' (delta 1029, kappa 2647), and are well illustrated for us in the fragments of Timotheus' Persians (Campbell 91-111, fr. 291). He also introduced the 12-stringed cithara (Pherecrates fr.155 PCG vol. 7). M.L. West (Ancient Greek Music 357-58) and others regard him as the chief innovator of the "new music" and we have some fragments of his work (Campbell 14-29).
[1] As already noted, 'the elder' Melanippides is mu 455 -- an entry which therefore logically ought to have preceded the present one; cf. analogously e.g. phi 328 and phi 329.
[2] Perdiccas II of Macedon; ruled ca. 450-413.
Reference:
Campbell = Greek Lyric, ed. D.A. Campbell, Loeb edn., vol. 5.
Keywords: biography; chronology; geography; meter and music; poetry
Translated by: Robert Dyer on 25 February 2002@10:49:37.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 12 September 2002@05:00:09.
David Whitehead (another note; tweaks) on 7 May 2008@09:46:41.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 14 May 2013@07:48:00.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 9 August 2014@08:22:46.

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