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Headword: Μαζουρώθ
Adler number: mu,40
Translated headword: Mazouroth
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] the constellations of stars, ordinarily called the zodiac. Some say the word is Hebrew, and that it also signifies the dog star.
Greek Original:
Μαζουρώθ: τὰ συστήματα τῶν ἀστέρων, ἃ ἐν τῇ συνηθείᾳ ζῴδια καλοῦνται. Ἑβραϊστὶ δὲ τινές φασι λέγεσθαι τὴν λέξιν, σημαίνειν δὲ καὶ τὸν ἀστρῷον κύνα.
Notes:
Likewise in other lexica: see the references at Photius mu21 Theodoridis.
The headword is a transliterated Hebrew word, and the comment comes from ancient commentary on Job 38:32, which has מזרות mazarot. But 2 Kings 23:5 (corresponding to IV Kingdoms 23.5 LXX) has מזלות mazalot, which is the more common form; and the Septuagint has μαζουρώθ in both places. Mazarot may be a very unusual variant for mazalot, which means the 12 constellations. Notice the Vulgate to 2 Kings 23:5, which explicitly says the 12 constellations. (note from Raphael Finkel).
Extensive notes on this word are available at web address 1. On the zodiac, see zeta 123, epsilon 2824, kappa 2654; on the dog star, see sigma 285.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; religion; science and technology
Translated by: Ross Scaife ✝ on 13 May 2002@12:32:55.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (augmented note) on 28 November 2003@00:14:01.
David Whitehead (slight expansion of note; more keywords) on 28 November 2003@03:14:43.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics and cross-references) on 28 November 2003@13:08:33.
Catharine Roth (more cosmetics) on 28 November 2003@13:09:33.
David Whitehead (retrieved appropriate keywords) on 30 November 2003@04:02:48.
Raphael Finkel (Added Hebrew) on 11 August 2004@16:14:21.
David Whitehead (another note; cosmetics) on 26 April 2013@06:49:27.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note) on 13 September 2013@23:35:11.
David Whitehead (coding etc.) on 17 May 2016@05:49:04.

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