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Headword: Μεγαλεῖον
Adler number: mu,360
Translated headword: magnificent, splendid
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning something] greatly-befitting.[1] "But those among the Ligurians carrying on the war with Mago[2] were not at all inclined to accomplish something complete and splendid."[3]
Greek Original:
Μεγαλεῖον: μεγαλοπρεπές. οἱ δὲ τῷ Μάγωνι προσπολεμοῦντες τῶν Λιγυστίνων πρᾶξαι μὲν ὁλοσχερές τι καὶ μεγαλεῖον οὐχ οἷοί τ' ἦσαν.
Notes:
The headword, presumably extracted from the quotation given, is the neuter nominative/accusative singular form of the adjective μεγαλεῖος, -α, -ον ; see LSJ s.v., mu 357, mu 358, mu 359, mu 361, and epsilon 1348 (end).
[1] The gloss is the neuter nominative/accusative singular of the adjective μεγαλοπρεπής, -ές ; see LSJ s.v., and the masculine and feminine nominative singular at mu 369.
[2] The Carthaginian general Mago(n) (243-203 BCE; OCD(4) s.v. Mago(2), and mu 27), whose name appears here in the dative, was the youngest son of Hamilcar Barca (OCD(4) s.v. Hamilcar(2), and alpha 1596) and brother of Hannibal (OCD(4) s.v., and alpha 2452) and Hasdrubal (OCD(4) s.v. Hasdrubal(2)). After Mago's surprise attack and capture of the port town of Genua (present-day Italy's Genoa, in coastal Liguria; Barrington Atlas map 39 grid D5) in 205, during the Second Punic War (218-201), he effected an alliance with the resident Ingauni tribe (Smith, vol. II, 53-4) and recruited among the Gauls (Briscoe, 56; Livy 28.46). But despite having thus substantially bolstered his army, in 203 Mago's troops were routed and the general gravely wounded in a major battle with a Roman force four legions strong near the Insubrian (OCD(4) s.v. Insubres; Smith, vol. I, 936) capital of Mediolanum (present-day Milan, Italy; Barrington Atlas map 39 grid E3); cf. Livy 30.18.
[3] Polybius fr. 180 Büttner-Wobst. Büttner-Wobst notes (538) that this fragment was attributed to Polybius by Valesius (Henri de Valois 1603-1676). The fragment's place is uncertain. Schweighäuser associated it with Livy 30.18 and events in Insubria of 203, so that it should be located within Polybius' book 14 (Büttner-Wobst, 538). Meltzer, however, gesturing at Livy 28.46.8 ff., placed it the context of Mago's intervention in Liguria (ibid.), from 205-203; the source would thus be a lost res Italiae of Polybius book 13 (Walbank, 754).
[In her critical apparatus Adler reports that mss GM read τὸν Λιγυστῖνον (the Ligurian, in the accusative singular): "those carrying on the war with Mago against the Ligurian."]
References:
W. Smith, ed., Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, vol. II, (London, 1873)
J. Briscoe, "The Second Punic War," in A.E. Astin, et al., eds., The Cambridge Ancient History, vol.VIII, 2nd edn., (Cambridge, 1989) 44-80
W. Smith, ed., Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, vol. I, (London, 1973)
T. Büttner-Wobst, ed., Polybii Historiae, vol. IV, (Leipzig, 1904)
F.W. Walbank, A Historical Commentary on Polybius, vol. III, (Oxford, 1979)
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; historiography; history; military affairs
Translated by: Ronald Allen on 18 April 2009@01:41:25.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, status) on 21 April 2009@01:21:27.
David Whitehead (added translator's bibliography, stolen by gremlins; resubmitted my own tweaks and cosmetics, likewise lost first time around) on 28 April 2009@08:26:31.
David Whitehead on 12 May 2013@08:41:11.
David Whitehead on 12 May 2013@08:42:26.
David Whitehead on 9 August 2014@07:36:21.
Ronald Allen (cosmetic) on 14 April 2018@22:22:04.
Ronald Allen (corrected page references n.2 and n.3, expanded n.3, corrected format in bibliography) on 14 November 2018@00:11:39.
Ronald Allen (incremental format correction n.2) on 14 November 2018@00:18:26.
Ronald Allen (corrected page number reference n.3) on 14 November 2018@00:28:29.

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