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Headword: Μαιμῶσα
Adler number: mu,327
Translated headword: being eager
Vetting Status: high
[sc. epic μαιμόωσα [1]] and [sc. Attic] μαιμῶσα : [meaning she] being possessed and impelled sharply, she who has an inclination to taste blood [αἷμα ], with the m redundant.[2] And Sophocles [uses the word] in reference to "thirsting":[3] "and how did she hold back a hand eager to murder"?[4]
And elsewhere: "[she] urging on eager [female] hounds fearfully."[5]
Greek Original:
Μαιμόωσα καὶ Μαιμῶσα: ἐνθουσιῶσα καὶ ὀξέως ὁρμῶσα, ἡ τοῦ αἵματος γευστικῶς ἔχουσα, τοῦ μ πλεονάζοντος. καὶ Σοφοκλῆς ἐπὶ τοῦ διψῶσαν: καὶ πῶς ἐπέσχε χεῖρα μαιμῶσαν φόνου; καὶ αὖθις: δεινὸν μαιμώσαις ἐγκονέουσα κυσί.
[1] An anonymous commentary on Aristotle's Rhetoric cites this form as occurring at 1411b35 (a quotation of Homer, Iliad 15.542), and the form is also glossed in Photius (Lexicon mu32 Theodoridis), the Lexica Segueriana, the Etymologicum Magnum and the Etymologicum Gudianum. The epic form is spelled in literature (including in Aristotle) only as μαιμώωσα , referring to Homer loc.cit. (and 5.661); the commentary suggests μαιμόωσα was a textual variant.
[2] Photius (above) has only "being possessed"; the full definition occurs in the Etymologicum Magnum and Etymologicum Gudianum, but with the iota considered redundant, and the form derived from *μαμόωσα . The Suda's derivation comes from the etymology offered in the scholia to Sophocles, Ajax 50: "thirsting and desiring for blood", "with a redundant m", and "from αἷμα 'blood', αἱμῶσα 'bloodying', and with a redundant m μαιμῶσα ".
[3] Another scholion on Ajax records διψῶσαν as a variant.
[4] Sophocles, Ajax 50.
[5] Greek Anthology 6.268.4; cf. epsilon 107.
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; poetry; rhetoric; tragedy; women; zoology
Translated by: Nick Nicholas on 30 April 2009@07:30:49.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (tweaks, status) on 1 May 2009@00:59:18.
David Whitehead (x-ref; more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 1 May 2009@03:36:15.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 12 May 2013@07:20:26.
David Whitehead (codings) on 17 May 2016@08:20:30.


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