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Headword: Μὰ Δία
Adler number: mu,31
Translated headword: by Zeus
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Not saying [this] in the sense of μὰ τὸν Δία , as some suppose: but they used to use it instead of μὰ Δία , just as [they used] νὴ Δία in the sense of ναί ["yes"]. Therefore they say both ναὶ Δία and ναὶ μὰ Δία .[1]
Aristophanes in Wealth [writes]: "yes by Zeus and many more things than these". The [phrase] μὰ Δία [is used] in application to an affirmative oath, when ναί is put before it.[2]
Greek Original:
Μὰ Δία: οὐκ ἐπὶ τοῦ μὰ τὸν Δία λέγων, ὡς οἴονταί τινες: ἐχρῶντο δὲ αὐτῷ ἀντὶ τοῦ μὰ Δία, ὥσπερ καὶ τῷ νὴ Δία ἐπὶ τῷ ναί: ὅθεν καὶ ναὶ Δία λέγουσιν καὶ ναὶ μὰ Δία. Ἀριστοφάνης Πλούτῳ: ναὶ μὰ Δία τούτων τε πολλῷ πλείονα. ἐπὶ κατωμοτικοῦ τὸ μὰ Δία, ὅταν αὐτοῦ προτάττηται τὸ ναί.
Notes:
cf. generally mu 1; also mu 12, nu 349, nu 350.
[1] Likewise (though with the preferable "they used to say" rather than λέγων in the opening clause) in Photius, Lexicon mu15 Theodoridis.
[2] Aristophanes, Plutus [Wealth] 187 (web address 1), with scholion.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: comedy; daily life; dialects, grammar, and etymology; religion
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 1 December 2003@23:03:12.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (another keyword; cosmetics) on 2 December 2003@03:02:51.
David Whitehead (another note and keyword) on 25 April 2013@06:16:09.
Catharine Roth (upgraded link) on 25 April 2013@23:58:47.
David Whitehead (coding) on 17 May 2016@05:45:11.

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