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Headword: Μάχλος
Adler number: mu,306
Translated headword: lewd
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] licentious, profligate.[1]
From the [verb] κλῶ ["I break"] [comes] κλός , and by addition of the syllable μα [is made] μάκλος , and by a shift [of consonant] μάχλος .[2]
"[Since] she had previously lived a lewd kind of life and had developed a dissolute character, and had associated largely with her parents' sorcerers [...]."[3]
Greek Original:
Μάχλος: ἀσελγής, ἄσωτος. παρὰ τὸ κλῶ, κλός, καὶ πλεο- νασμῷ τῆς μα συλλαβῆς μάκλος, καὶ τροπῇ μάχλος. αὕτη τὸ πρότερον μάχλον τινα βιώσασα βίον καὶ τὸν τρόπον ἐξερρωγυῖα φαρμακεῦσί τε πατρῴοις πολλὰ ὡμιληκυῖα.
Notes:
cf. generally mu 305, mu 307, mu 308.
[1] Likewise or similarly glossed in other lexica: see the references at Photius mu153 Theodoridis.
[2] It is hardly necessary to say that this etymology is improbable.
[3] About Antonina, the wife of Belisarius: Procopius, Secret History 1.12, quoted also at epsilon 1650, phi 98. The passage at epsilon 165 follows.
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; gender and sexuality; historiography; women
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 24 September 2005@18:04:01.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 25 September 2005@06:41:13.
Catharine Roth (added note and keyword) on 25 September 2005@15:07:04.
David Whitehead (supplemented tr; more x-refs) on 21 April 2008@07:57:48.
Catharine Roth (added new note 1) on 30 April 2009@11:00:07.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 9 May 2013@06:41:46.

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