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Headword: Μαγνῆτις
Adler number: mu,23
Translated headword: Magnesian, magnetic
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
There is a certain stone so-called, which has a natural power to draw iron to itself. In Egyptian Alexandria in the Serapeion there was a mechanism of deceit and wickedness of this kind: having made a statue of bronze and nailing iron inside the head, they fixed this stone above in the coffers of the ceiling opposite. The statue being drawn by the natural force of the stone, for it was hung up in the air, by great mechanism and skill was held between the floor and the ceiling, causing great amazement and not at all pulled down.
Greek Original:
Μαγνῆτις: λίθος τίς ἐστιν οὕτω καλούμενος, ὃς ἔχει φυσικὴν ἐνέργειαν ἕλκειν πρὸς ἑαυτὸν τὸν σίδηρον. ἦν δὲ ἐν Ἀλεξανδρείᾳ τῆς Αἰγύπτου ἐν τῷ Σαραπείῳ πλάνης καὶ κακουργίας τοιοῦτόν τι μηχάνημα: ξόανον κατασκευάσαντες ἐκ χαλκοῦ καὶ ἐν τῇ κεφαλῇ σίδηρον ἔνδοθεν καθηλώσαντες τὸν λίθον τοῦτον ἐν τοῖς φατνώμασιν ἄνωθεν τῆς στέγης ἔπηξαν ἀπὸ διαμέτρου. τὸ δὲ ὑπὸ τῆς φυσικῆς βίας ἑλκόμενον τοῦ λίθου, μετέωρον γὰρ ἐκρέματο, διὰ πολλὴν μηχανὴν καὶ τέχνην ἐκρατεῖτο μέσον ἐδάφους καὶ ὀρόφου, θαυμαζόμενον καὶ μὴ παντελῶς κατασπώμενον.
Notes:
George the Monk, Chronicon 2.584.18-2.585.6.
On Magnesian (magnetic) stone, cf. eta 459.
Keywords: art history; Christianity; definition; ethics; geography; historiography; religion; science and technology; trade and manufacture
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 12 October 2005@01:20:03.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (another keyword; cosmetics) on 12 October 2005@03:42:57.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 25 April 2013@04:04:56.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 25 April 2013@23:45:40.

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