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Headword: Μανόν
Adler number: mu,157
Translated headword: loose, open-textured, rare, sparse
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning something] scarce, porous; or ascending, like a flame.[1] And the madman [mainomenos] [is] one who is not strong in the mind;[2] and manna gets its name from being worn through.[3]
"And when the reeds have become porous and saturated from much soaking, sprinkle them with wine and give them as food to the beasts of burden."[4]
Greek Original:
Μανόν: ἀραιόν, χαῦνον: ἢ ἀνωφερές, ὡς φλόξ. καὶ ὁ μαινόμενος, ὁ μὴ ἰσχυρὸς ταῖς φρεσί: καὶ ἡ μάννα ἀπὸ τοῦ τετρύφθαι ὠνόμασται. μανοὺς δὲ γενομένους τοὺς καλάμους καὶ διύγρους ἐκ τῆς ἄγαν διαβροχῆς καταρραίνειν οἴνῳ καὶ διδόναι τροφὴν τοῖς ὑποζυγίοις.
The headword, again mu 158, is neuter nominative/accusative singular of the adjective μανός . (See also nu 44.)
[1] Aristotle, Physics 216B and 217A, mentions that fire (πῦρ ) is μανόν , as do the attendant commentaries.
[2] This definition, alongside "scarce", is given in Timaeus' Platonic Lexicon. μανός does not occur in such a sense in Plato. (On the contrary, at Timaeus 75C Plato argues that a porous skull makes human life superior. Rather, this is an intrusion of a folk etymology of μαίνομαι "be mad" from μανός , given explicitly in ps.-Zonaras, the Etymologicum Gudianum s.v. μανία , and Eustathius, Commentary on Iliad 23.602.
[3] The entire definition up to here also occurs in Photius mu95 Theodoridis. In Photius, manna (mu 129, mu 130) is so called from being rubbed or threshed (τετρίφθαι ) -- the connection to μανός being that it is ground finely. The Etymologicum Gudianum instead derives it from μαίω "ask for".
[4] Quotation unidentifiable.
Keywords: daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; food; philosophy; religion; zoology
Translated by: Nick Nicholas on 12 April 2009@06:26:16.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (introductory note; more x-refs; more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 12 April 2009@07:11:09.
David Whitehead on 1 May 2013@05:53:53.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 26 December 2014@00:41:19.


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