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Headword: Μανόν
Adler number: mu,157
Translated headword: loose, open-textured, rare, sparse
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning something] scarce, porous; or ascending, like a flame.[1] And the madman [mainomenos] [is] one who is not strong in the mind;[2] and manna gets its name from being worn through.[3]
"And when the reeds have become porous and saturated from much soaking, sprinkle them with wine and give them as food to the beasts of burden."[4]
Greek Original:
Μανόν: ἀραιόν, χαῦνον: ἢ ἀνωφερές, ὡς φλόξ. καὶ ὁ μαινόμενος, ὁ μὴ ἰσχυρὸς ταῖς φρεσί: καὶ ἡ μάννα ἀπὸ τοῦ τετρύφθαι ὠνόμασται. μανοὺς δὲ γενομένους τοὺς καλάμους καὶ διύγρους ἐκ τῆς ἄγαν διαβροχῆς καταρραίνειν οἴνῳ καὶ διδόναι τροφὴν τοῖς ὑποζυγίοις.
Notes:
The headword, again mu 158, is neuter nominative/accusative singular of the adjective μανός . (See also nu 44.)
[1] Aristotle, Physics 216B and 217A, mentions that fire (πῦρ ) is μανόν , as do the attendant commentaries.
[2] This definition, alongside "scarce", is given in Timaeus' Platonic Lexicon. μανός does not occur in such a sense in Plato. (On the contrary, at Timaeus 75C Plato argues that a porous skull makes human life superior. Rather, this is an intrusion of a folk etymology of μαίνομαι "be mad" from μανός , given explicitly in ps.-Zonaras, the Etymologicum Gudianum s.v. μανία , and Eustathius, Commentary on Iliad 23.602.
[3] The entire definition up to here also occurs in Photius mu95 Theodoridis. In Photius, manna (mu 129, mu 130) is so called from being rubbed or threshed (τετρίφθαι ) -- the connection to μανός being that it is ground finely. The Etymologicum Gudianum instead derives it from μαίω "ask for".
[4] Quotation unidentifiable.
Keywords: daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; food; philosophy; religion; zoology
Translated by: Nick Nicholas on 12 April 2009@06:26:16.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (introductory note; more x-refs; more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 12 April 2009@07:11:09.
David Whitehead on 1 May 2013@05:53:53.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 26 December 2014@00:41:19.

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