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Headword: Μαναί̈μ
Adler number: mu,131
Translated headword: Manaim, Manane
Vetting Status: high
A general, the one who had a victory over the Scythians.[1] His statue (stele) stands in the so-called Oreion [sc. Horreum], which is [also called] the Modion. For there was a granary before the house of Crateros where now columns stand.[2] A bronze measure also stands there near [two] hands.[3] And it was a just measure, so that at this place all the grain-sellers could sell, and the grain-buyers could purchase, and the grain dole could be distributed with an equal measure.[4] No one disputes that Valentinian enacted the law that [required] everyone to sell grain at 12 measures to the coin.[5] As a result a certain shipper, who was not doing this [i.e. observing the measure], had his right hand amputated. And so [a monument consisting of] bronze hands was made for buyers and sellers [warning] both not to deviate from what was decreed. And there was a statue (stele) of the Emperor Valentinian holding a measure (exammon) in his right hand.[6] This measure was removed for tribute in the second year of Justinian’s reign by Curius, a protector, because although small it was also silver.[7]
Greek Original:
Μαναί̈μ, στρατηγός, ὁ νικήσας τοὺς Σκύθας: οὗ ἡ στήλη ἵστατο ἐν τῷ καλουμένῳ Ὠρείῳ, ὅ ἐστι μόδιος. ἦν γὰρ ὠρεῖον, ἔνθα νῦν ἵστανται κίονες πρὸ τοῦ οἴκου τοῦ Κρατεροῦ: ἔνθα ἵστατο καὶ μόδιος χαλκοῦς, πλησίον τῶν χειρῶν. ἦν δὲ δίκαιον μέτρον, ὡς ἂν τῷ χωρήματι αὐτοῦ πωλῶσι πάντες οἱ σιτοπράται καὶ ἀγοράζωσιν οἱ σιτῶναι, καὶ τῷ ἴσῳ μέτρῳ δίδοται σιτηρέσιον. τοῦτο δὲ ἐνομοθέτησεν Οὐαλεντινιανός, πιπράσκεσθαι τὸν σῖτον μοδίους ιβ# τῷ νομίσματι, μηδενὸς ἀντιλέγοντος. ὅθεν τις ναύτης τοῦτο μὴ ποιήσας τὴν δεξιὰν χεῖρα ἀφῃρέθη. ὅθεν ἐτυπώθησαν αἱ χαλκαῖ χεῖρες τοῖς λαμβάνουσι καὶ τοῖς διδοῦσιν, ἀμφοτέρους ἐκ τῶν τεταγμένων μὴ ἀγανακτεῖν. ἦν δὲ καὶ Οὐαλεντινιανοῦ τοῦ βασιλέως στήλη ἔξαμμον ἔχουσα ἐν τῇ δεξιᾷ χειρί, ἁρπαγῆναι εἰς πάκτον, διὰ τὸ καὶ αὐτὴν ὑπάρχειν ἀργυρᾶν μικράν, ὑπὸ Κουρίου πρωτίκτωρος, τῷ δευτέρῳ ἔτει Ἰουστινιανοῦ.
Nothing more is known about Manaim. For the name, see de Boor 1889, 170 (and cf. Acts 13.1). Πάτρια II.97 reads Μαναναῆ . Beginning with 'and it was a just measure' (ἦν δὲ δίκαιον μέτρον ) the Suda-author simplifies considerably from the patriographical sources--Παραστάσεις 12 and Πάτρια II.97 (Preger p. 27, 202)--which are often obscure and confused in this passage.
Textual notes: οἴκου] οἶκος οὗτος νῦν Ῥω[μαῖοι] Δ[ιί]π[πιον] γέροντος; τὸ μυρέλιον mg. add. A^r; χεῖρες Ἀμαστρια[νῶν] mg. inter. add. M τὸ νῦν λεγόμενον μυρέλιον. μόδιος χαλκοῦς mg. exter. add. M; χεῖρες] θῦρες . On the Myrelaion, see omega 177.
[1] 'Scythians' (sigma 703) appear in the Suda's patriographical sources as a generic term for northern barbarians. The attribution of the statue (mentioned in the next sentence) to Manaim/Manane is uncertain, as is the veracity of his putative victory.
[2] These two sentences appear with slight variation in omega 177. See that entry for commentary on the nature and location of the Oreion, Modion, and the house of Crateros; see also mu 1185.
[3] Excavations between the Philadelphion and Forum Tauri in the vicinity of the Χαλκοῦν Τετράπυλον to the north of the Mese uncovered stone hands on two large, bronze columns erected by Valentinian III (425-455)--perhaps replicas of the original bronze hands mentioned here (Jenin 1964, 66)). It seems likely that several such monuments appeared in the area around the Capitol; see Janin 1964, pp. 66, 69, 104.
[4] This story is told more fully in Παραστάσεις 12 (paraphrased and simplified by Πάτρια II.97), 'one of the shippers (εἷς ἐξ ἀμφοτέρων τῶν ναυτῶν ) who was selling his corn to the emperor for the corn dole lost his right hand at the foot of the Modion when someone among those present accused him of cheating' (Cameron 1984, 75).
[5] This passage probably refers to Valentinian III (425-55), who in 455 fixed the price of African wheat at 40 modoi to the solidus, with a maximum price of 12 modoi to the solidus during times of crises (Jones 1964, 445, 844). The Suda omits an incorrect comment in the patriographical sources that the νόμισμα (i.e. the Constantinian solidus) was originally silver. The patriographical sources for this entire section are textually and factually confused. Cameron conjectures that confusion between measurement and price has led the patriographical author(s) to introduce, mistakenly, the contemporary ratio of the solidus to a lesser denomination (1 solidus = 12 miliaresia) in place of information about Valentinian’s price reforms, confirming "the ignorance of [the author of the Παραστάσεις ] about the real early history of Constantinople and the inability of the author(s) to explain things clearly in his own words" (Cameron 1984, 188).
[6] On the meaning of the difficult exammon, see epsilon 1535.
[7] 'Protector' (pi 2884) refers to an imperial guardsman. The title suggests that the passage refers to an event in the reign of Justinian I (iota 446), placing the removal of the measure in 528/29. See Frank 1969, 84ff.
Berger, A. Untersuchungen zu den Patria Konstantinupoleos (Bonn, 1988)
Cameron, A. and J. Herrin. Constantinople in the early eighth century: the Parastaseis syntomoi chronikai. Leiden: Brill, 1984
de Boor, Texte und Untersuchungen, vol. V.2b (Leipzig, 1889)
Frank, R. Scholae Palatinae (Rome, 1969)
Janin, R. Constantinople byzantine: dévelopment urbain et répertoire topographique (Paris, 1964)
Jones, A.H.M. The later Roman Empire, 284-602: a social, economic and administrative survey (Norman OK, 1964)
Preger, Th. Scriptores Originum Constantinopolitanarum (New York, 1975)
Keywords: agriculture; architecture; art history; biography; chronology; daily life; economics; food; geography; historiography; history; law; military affairs; politics; science and technology; trade and manufacture
Translated by: Bret Mulligan on 11 October 2005@17:03:11.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (more x-refs; more keywords; cosmetics) on 12 October 2005@03:19:27.
Catharine Roth (tweaked betacode) on 21 March 2008@22:06:22.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 29 April 2013@09:30:24.
Catharine Roth (deleted link, cosmeticule) on 15 September 2013@02:28:50.
Catharine Roth (modified textual note on behalf of Bret Mulligan) on 20 September 2013@00:32:28.


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