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Headword: Μορφνόν
Adler number: mu,1268
Translated headword: dusky
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] dark.[1]
Greek Original:
Μορφνόν: σκοτεινόν.
Notes:
The headword is attested both with accent on the ultima, as here, and on the penult, but in either case its sense is uncertain: see Cunliffe, p. 273 and LSJ s.v. μόρφνος, -ὁ . A likely source is the paroxytone (penult accented) form at Homer, Iliad 24.316 (web address 1), where it is masculine accusative singular (rather than neuter nominative/accusative, and serves as an epithet of the eagle (Richardson, p. 305); for this see also Hesiod, Shield of Heracles 134. Aristotle, History of Animals 618b26 uses the oxytone (ultima accented) form of the headword as a noun, μορφνός ; cf. mu 1269. Possibly the change in accentuation from ultimate to penult marks the transfer of the word's usage from adjective to substantive (Chantraine s.v. μόρφνος ).
[1] The headword has the same gloss at ps.-Zonaras 1371.23, along with the additional one μέλαν (black, swart).
References:
R.J. Cunliffe, A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect, Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1963
N. Richardson, The Iliad: A Commentary, vol. VI, gen. ed. G.S. Kirk, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993
P. Chantraine, Dictionnaire étymologique de la langue grecque, ed. 2. Paris 2009.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; poetry; zoology
Translated by: Ronald Allen on 1 August 2009@13:22:12.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (addition to primary note; another keyword; cosmetics) on 2 August 2009@05:28:22.
David Whitehead on 27 May 2013@06:09:38.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, tweaked reference) on 18 April 2015@23:23:03.
Catharine Roth (tweaked note) on 21 April 2015@22:24:21.

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