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Headword: Μονήτα
Adler number: mu,1220
Translated headword: Moneta, Coinage
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Hera amongst the Romans [sc. acquired this name] for the following reason. The Romans, in need of money during the war against Pyrrhus and the men of Taras,[1] prayed to Hera; and [the story goes that] she replied to them that if they hold out against the arms [of the enemy] with justice they would not go short of money. Successful, then, in their request, the Romans honoured Hera Moneta, that is advisor, having determined to stamp the coinage in her temple.
Greek Original:
Μονήτα: ἡ Ἥρα παρὰ Ῥωμαίοις ἐξ αἰτίας τοιᾶσδε. Ῥωμαῖοι δεηθέντες χρημάτων ἐν τῷ πρὸς Πύρρον καὶ Ταραντίνους πολέμῳ ηὔξαντο τῇ Ἥρᾳ: τὴν δὲ χρῆσαι αὐτοῖς, εἰ τῶν ὅπλων ἀνθέξονται μετὰ δικαιοσύνης, χρήματα αὐτοῖς μὴ ἐπιλείψειν. τύχοντες οὖν οἱ Ῥωμαῖοι τῆς αἰτήσεως ἐτίμησαν Ἥραν Μονήταν, τουτέστι σύμβουλον, τὸ νόμισμα ἐν τῷ ἱερῷ αὐτῆς ὁρίσαντες χαράττεσθαι.
Notes:
This etymological explanation -- invoking the Latin verb moneo ('warn', 'advise') -- is only one of the explanations of the epithet Moneta. Other stories, besides, place the origins of the cult well before the episode described here. See in brief OCD(4) s.v. Juno.
[1] i.e. Tarentum (in Puglia, southern Italy, modern-day Taranto; cf. tau 112 and tau 113). The action described occurred in the 280s BCE.
Keywords: aetiology; dialects, grammar, and etymology; economics; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; religion; science and technology; trade and manufacture
Translated by: David Whitehead on 13 October 2003@05:00:53.
Vetted by:
William Hutton (modified translation, set status) on 22 October 2003@00:54:36.
David Whitehead (augmented note) on 10 June 2004@12:13:23.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 20 November 2005@08:58:10.
David Whitehead on 26 May 2013@08:44:43.
David Whitehead on 9 August 2014@09:01:17.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.1, added cross-references, cosmeticule in principal note) on 7 July 2018@18:12:17.

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