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Headword: Μαλθακόν
Adler number: mu,107
Translated headword: gentle, soft, feeble, weak, luxuriant
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] dissolute, soft.[1]
"But he took himself out of life by the weakness of his wisdom."[2]
And [there is] a proverb: "[sc. they are] tender from warm baths, delicate from soft beds;" in reference to those who waste away from luxury and comfort.[3]
Greek Original:
Μαλθακόν: ἔκλυτον, μαλακόν. ὁ δ' αὑτὸν ἐξάγαγε βιότου μαλθακίῃ σοφίης. καὶ παροιμία: ἁπαλοὶ θερμολουσίαις, ἁβροὶ μαλθακευνίαις: ἐπὶ τῶν ὑπὸ τρυφῆς καὶ ἁβρότητος διαρρεόντων.
Notes:
[1] Same or similar entry in other lexica: see the references at Photius mu68 Theodoridis. The headword (which must be quoted from somewhere) is either masculine accusative singular or neuter nominative/accusative singular of the poetic adjective μαλθακός (cf. mu 108).
[2] The end of the epigram written by Diogenes Laertius (2.15 = Greek Anthology 7.95.3-4) on the philosopher Anaxagoras of Clazomenae (alpha 1981): despite the intervention of his friend Pericles (pi 1179, pi 1180, pi 1181) to prevent him being executed for blasphemy (proclaiming the sun to be a burning stone), Anaxagoras is demoralised and commits suicide.
[3] From alpha 2885, q.v.
Keywords: biography; daily life; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; philosophy; poetry; proverbs
Translated by: Nick Nicholas on 9 April 2009@12:27:13.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified tr; augmented notes and keywords; tweaks) on 10 April 2009@03:49:25.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 29 April 2013@05:47:02.

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