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Headword: *miltia/dhs
Adler number: mu,1067
Translated headword: Miltiades
Vetting Status: high
The son of Kimon, he served as general of the Athenians after having come from the Chersonese and having escaped death on two fronts. For the Phoenicians pursued him as far as Imbros and were intent on seizing him and bringing him to [the] King. Miltiades escaped them and returned to his homeland, where he imagined himself to be safe. But his enemies lay in wait there, and bringing him before a court they prosecuted him for his tyranny in the Chersonese.[1] He was acquitted of these charges and was appointed general of the Athenians, having been elected by the demos.[2]
This same Miltiades[3] boasted that Tissaphernes said that while anything of his remained, provided he could trust the Athenians, he would not deprive them of maintenance, and he would bring the Phoenician fleet to the Athenians and not to the Peloponnesians; but he would only trust the Athenians if he [Miltiades] returned from exile and was received by him. The Athenians heard this and much more and elected him [Miltiades] general, and they turned over all their affairs to him.[4]
Greek Original:
*miltia/dhs, o( *ki/mwnos, h(/kwn e)k th=s *xerronh/sou kai\ e)kpefeugw\s diplo/on qa/naton e)strath/geen *)aqhnai/wn. a(/ma me\n ga\r oi( *foi/nikes au)to\n oi( e)pidiw/cantes me/xri *)/imbrou peri\ pollou= e)poieu=nto labei=n te kai\ a)nagagei=n para\ basile/a: a(/ma de\ e)kfugo/nta te tou/tous kai\ a)fiko/menon e)s th\n e(wutou= doke/onta/ te ei)=nai e)n swthri/h| h)/dh, to\ e)nqeu=te/n min oi( e)xqroi\ u(podeca/menoi, u(po\ dikasth/rion au)to\n a)gago/ntes e)di/wcan turanni/dos th=s e)n *xerronh/sou. a)pofugw\n de\ kai\ tou/tous strathgo\s ou(/tws *)aqhnai/wn a)pedei/xqh, ai(reqei\s u(po\ tou= dh/mou. o( au)to\s *miltia/dhs e)pikompw=n e)/fh, w(s *tissafe/rnhs ei)=pen, h)= mh\n e(/ws a)/n ti tw=n e(autou= lei/phtai, h)\n *)aqhnai/ois pisteu/h|, mh\ a)posterh/sein au)tou\s trofh=s kai\ ta\s tw=n *foini/kwn nau=s komiei=n *)aqhnai/ois kai\ ou) *peloponnhsi/ois: pisteu=sai d' a)\n mo/nois *)aqhnai/ois, ei) au)to\s katelqw\n au)tw=| a)nade/caito. oi( de\ a)kou/ontes tau=ta kai\ a)/lla polla\ strathgo\n au)to\n ei(/lonto kai\ ta\ pra/gmata pa/nta a)neti/qesan.
See also mu 1068, and generally OCD4 s.v.
[1] cf. Herodotus 6.104. For Miltiades' trial in 493 BCE see M.H. Hansen, Eisangelia: the Sovereignty of the People's Court in Athens in the Fourth Century BC and the Impeachment of Generals and Politicians (Odense 1975) cat. no.1.
[2] Miltiades was strategos in 490/89. For sources see Robert Develin, Athenian Officials 684-321 BC (Cambridge 1989) 56.
[3] The rest of the entry in fact refers not to Miltiades but to Alkibiades (alpha 1280) and his election in 411 BCE by the Athenians at Samos. Compare Thucydides 8.81.3-82.1, quoted in part already at epsilon 1558.
[4] ta\ pra/gmata pa/nta a)neti/qesan. The phrase appears also at Thuc. 8.82.1. For a similar expression used of Perikles, which has been taken by some as evidence of that general's superior powers, see Thuc. 2.65.4 and Debra Hamel, Athenian Generals: Military Authority in the Classical Period (Leiden 1998) 92-93.
Keywords: biography; constitution; economics; ethics; geography; historiography; history; law; military affairs; politics
Translated by: Debra Hamel on 16 November 1998@23:16:09.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added headword, note, bibliography, keyword; cosmetics) on 19 January 2001@10:41:46.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 1 December 2005@07:34:11.
Catharine Roth (added cross-reference) on 13 June 2007@01:42:57.
David Whitehead (typo) on 13 June 2007@03:00:32.
David Whitehead (another x-ref; more keywords; tweaking) on 23 May 2013@07:21:26.
David Whitehead on 9 August 2014@08:50:22.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 9 September 2020@00:52:30.


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