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Headword: Μιλτιάδης
Adler number: mu,1067
Translated headword: Miltiades
Vetting Status: high
The son of Kimon, he served as general of the Athenians after having come from the Chersonese and having escaped death on two fronts. For the Phoenicians pursued him as far as Imbros and were intent on seizing him and bringing him to [the] King. Miltiades escaped them and returned to his homeland, where he imagined himself to be safe. But his enemies lay in wait there, and bringing him before a court they prosecuted him for his tyranny in the Chersonese.[1] He was acquitted of these charges and was appointed general of the Athenians, having been elected by the demos.[2]
This same Miltiades[3] boasted that Tissaphernes said that while anything of his remained, provided he could trust the Athenians, he would not deprive them of maintenance, and he would bring the Phoenician fleet to the Athenians and not to the Peloponnesians; but he would only trust the Athenians if he [Miltiades] returned from exile and was received by him. The Athenians heard this and much more and elected him [Miltiades] general, and they turned over all their affairs to him.[4]
Greek Original:
Μιλτιάδης, ὁ Κίμωνος, ἥκων ἐκ τῆς Χερρονήσου καὶ ἐκπεφευγὼς διπλόον θάνατον ἐστρατήγεεν Ἀθηναίων. ἅμα μὲν γὰρ οἱ Φοίνικες αὐτὸν οἱ ἐπιδιώξαντες μέχρι Ἴμβρου περὶ πολλοῦ ἐποιεῦντο λαβεῖν τε καὶ ἀναγαγεῖν παρὰ βασιλέα: ἅμα δὲ ἐκφυγόντα τε τούτους καὶ ἀφικόμενον ἐς τὴν ἑωυτοῦ δοκέοντά τε εἶναι ἐν σωτηρίῃ ἤδη, τὸ ἐνθεῦτέν μιν οἱ ἐχθροὶ ὑποδεξάμενοι, ὑπὸ δικαστήριον αὐτὸν ἀγαγόντες ἐδίωξαν τυραννίδος τῆς ἐν Χερρονήσου. ἀποφυγὼν δὲ καὶ τούτους στρατηγὸς οὕτως Ἀθηναίων ἀπεδείχθη, αἱρεθεὶς ὑπὸ τοῦ δήμου. ὁ αὐτὸς Μιλτιάδης ἐπικομπῶν ἔφη, ὡς Τισσαφέρνης εἶπεν, ἦ μὴν ἕως ἄν τι τῶν ἑαυτοῦ λείπηται, ἢν Ἀθηναίοις πιστεύῃ, μὴ ἀποστερήσειν αὐτοὺς τροφῆς καὶ τὰς τῶν Φοινίκων ναῦς κομιεῖν Ἀθηναίοις καὶ οὐ Πελοποννησίοις: πιστεῦσαι δ' ἂν μόνοις Ἀθηναίοις, εἰ αὐτὸς κατελθὼν αὐτῷ ἀναδέξαιτο. οἱ δὲ ἀκούοντες ταῦτα καὶ ἄλλα πολλὰ στρατηγὸν αὐτὸν εἵλοντο καὶ τὰ πράγματα πάντα ἀνετίθεσαν.
See also mu 1068, and generally OCD4 s.v.
[1] cf. Herodotus 6.104. For Miltiades' trial in 493 BCE see M.H. Hansen, Eisangelia: the Sovereignty of the People's Court in Athens in the Fourth Century BC and the Impeachment of Generals and Politicians (Odense 1975) cat. no.1.
[2] Miltiades was strategos in 490/89. For sources see Robert Develin, Athenian Officials 684-321 BC (Cambridge 1989) 56.
[3] The rest of the entry in fact refers not to Miltiades but to Alkibiades (alpha 1280) and his election in 411 BCE by the Athenians at Samos. Compare Thucydides 8.81.3-82.1, quoted in part already at epsilon 1558.
[4] ta\ pra/gmata pa/nta a)neti/qesan. The phrase appears also at Thuc. 8.82.1. For a similar expression used of Perikles, which has been taken by some as evidence of that general's superior powers, see Thuc. 2.65.4 and Debra Hamel, Athenian Generals: Military Authority in the Classical Period (Leiden 1998) 92-93.
Keywords: biography; constitution; economics; ethics; geography; historiography; history; law; military affairs; politics
Translated by: Debra Hamel on 16 November 1998@23:16:09.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added headword, note, bibliography, keyword; cosmetics) on 19 January 2001@10:41:46.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 1 December 2005@07:34:11.
Catharine Roth (added cross-reference) on 13 June 2007@01:42:57.
David Whitehead (typo) on 13 June 2007@03:00:32.
David Whitehead (another x-ref; more keywords; tweaking) on 23 May 2013@07:21:26.
David Whitehead on 9 August 2014@08:50:22.


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