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Headword: Μίθρου
Adler number: mu,1045
Translated headword: Mithras', of Mithras
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
"The Persians believe the sun to be Mithras and they offer to him many sacrifices".
"[...] so no one would be able to be initiated into his cult, unless, going through some steps of ordeals, he shows himself holy and free from passion".
Greek Original:
Μίθρου: Μίθραν νομίζουσιν εἶναι οἱ Πέρσαι τὸν ἥλιον καὶ τούτῳ θύουσι πολλὰς θυσίας. οὐκ ἂν οὖν εἰς αὐτὸν δυνήσαιτό τις τελεσθῆναι, εἰ μὴ διά τινων βαθμῶν παρελθὼν τῶν κολάσεων δείξει ἑαυτὸν ὅσιον καὶ ἀπαθῆ.
Note:
The headword is genitive singular of the name of the Indo-Iranian god Mithras. (On Mithras, and Mithraism, see generally Roger Beck in OCD(4) s.v.) It must be quoted from somewhere: there are instances in e.g. Plutarch, Alexander 30.8 (Dareios invokes 'the great light of Mithras') but the present one appears to come from Gregory of Nazianzus' speech 1 Against Julian. Both of the quotations here -- the first of them also in other lexica (see the references at Photius mu446 Theodoridis) -- come from ps.-Nonnus, Scholia mythologica, on Greg.Naz.(PG 36.1009d and 989d).
Keywords: Christianity; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; geography; historiography; mythology; religion; rhetoric
Translated by: Catharine Roth on 27 May 2004@18:48:05.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified headword; augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 28 May 2004@03:18:36.
Catharine Roth (added link) on 28 May 2004@11:13:25.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 22 May 2013@09:02:11.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 22 May 2013@23:35:07.
David Whitehead on 9 August 2014@08:43:19.
Catharine Roth (coding, deleted link) on 9 August 2014@16:23:52.

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