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Headword: Λάμπων ὄμνυσι τὸν χῆν', ὅταν ἐξαπατᾷ τινά
Adler number: lambda,93
Translated headword: Lampon swears by the goose whenever he is deceiving somebody
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
The early Socratics were in the habit of swearing in this way, but Rhadamanthys was the first to prohibit oaths by the gods, [ordaining] instead swearing by goose and dog and ram and suchlike. Lampon was a sacrificer, oraclemonger and seer, with whom they also connect the Athenian colony to Sybaris. He used to swear by the goose, a supposedly prophetic bird. It is therefore said of those deceiving someone with an oath.
Sybaris [was] an Athenian colony.
Greek Original:
Λάμπων ὄμνυσι τὸν χῆν', ὅταν ἐξαπατᾷ τινά: πρῶτοι Σωκρατικοὶ ἐπετήδευσαν οὕτως ὀμνύναι. Ῥαδάμανθυς δὲ πρῶτος οὐκ εἴα ὅρκους ποιεῖσθαι κατὰ θεῶν, ἀλλ' ὀμνύναι χῆνα καὶ κύνα καὶ κριὸν καὶ τὰ ὅμοια. ὁ δὲ Λάμπων θύτης ἦν, χρησμολόγος καὶ μάντις: ᾧ καὶ τὴν εἰς Σύβαριν ἀποικίαν Ἀθηναίων περιάπτουσιν. ὤμνυε δὲ κατὰ τοῦ χηνός, ὡς μαντικοῦ ὀρνέου. εἴρηται οὖν ἐπὶ τῶν μετὰ ὅρκου ἐξαπατώντων τινά. ὅτι Σύβαρις ἀποικία Ἀθηναίων.
Notes:
The headword phrase quotes Aristophanes, Birds 521 (web address 1), and the gloss (all but the final sentence) comes from the scholia there; cf. rho 13 and chi 284.
For the Athenian-sponsored settlement (444/3 BCE) of Thourioi, on the site of Sybaris in S Italy, see theta 418 (and more on Lampon at kappa 2595).
For further material on these and other aspects of the line see Dunbar (below) 357-8.
Reference:
Aristophanes, Birds, edited with introduction and commentary by Nan Dunbar (Oxford 1995)
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; chronology; comedy; ethics; geography; history; mythology; philosophy; religion; zoology
Translated by: David Whitehead on 8 September 2001@06:46:55.
Vetted by:
Elizabeth Vandiver (Added link; added italics; set status) on 24 October 2003@16:55:20.
David Whitehead (another x-ref) on 27 June 2004@06:28:32.
David Whitehead on 1 April 2013@07:00:21.

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