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Headword: Λυσανίας πατρῴων μεγάλων κακῶν
Adler number: lambda,853
Translated headword: grief-dispeller of his father's great troubles
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
He who dispels the griefs of his father. The word[1] is a coinage. Sophokles:[2] "May Zeus bring a return home[3] that is victorious and that ends all grief and that is free from fear[4]."
Greek Original:
Λυσανίας πατρῴων μεγάλων κακῶν: ὁ λύων τοῦ πατρὸς τὰς ἀνίας. ὠνοματοπεποίηται ἡ λέξις. Σοφοκλῆς: Ζεὺς νόστον ἄγοι τὸν νικομάχαν καὶ παυσανίαν καὶ Ἀτρείδαν.
Notes:
A quotation from a paratragic monody by Strepsiades in Aristophanes' Clouds (1162), rejoicing in the completion by his son Pheidippides of a course of sophistic education which should enable him to help his father cheat his pressing creditors out of their money. The monody is known to contain at least one and probably two Euripidean quotations, and elsewhere it displays some typically Euripidean stylistic features (so Angel y Espinós), so it is possible that the present headword phrase is also quoted or adapted from Euripides, though its source, if any, cannot be identified.
[1] viz. λυσανίας "grief-dispeller". The word is also a common Athenian name (73 in LGPN ii s.v.), and Storey has suggested that it might allude to one of two contemporaries - Lysanias of Sphettos (PA 9324; LGPN 53), father of Aischines the Socratic (alphaiota 346, alphaiota 349), and Lysanias of Thorikos (PA 9312, LGPN 54), father of the cavalryman Dexileos (414/3-394/3) whose death in battle at Corinth is commemorated by a famous surviving monument. Storey thinks the reference is more likely to be to the former, Sommerstein (262) to the latter.
[2] Sophokles fr. 887, from an unidentified play. It is cited because of its use of a similar coined compound, παυσανίας "that ends all grief" - which is likewise a common personal name, and may carry an allusion to the Spartan regent Pausanias, the victor of Plataia (for another possible implicit comparison between Agamemnon and Pausanias in Athenian tragedy, cf. Dover 156-7).
[3] sc. from the Trojan War (cf. next note).
[4] Greek ατρείδαν , another coinage (from τρέω "tremble"), but this time with an indisputable allusion to the Atreidai (sons of Atreus: Agamemnon and Menelaos), the leaders of the expedition against Troy.
References:
Ángel y Espinós, Jesús. "Ar. Nu. 1154ss.: parodia de un texto de Sófocles o de Eurípides?" Sociedad, política y literatura: comedia griega antigua. Ed. Antonio López Eire. Salamanca: LOGO, 1997. 243-8.
Dover, Kenneth J. "The red fabric in the Agamemnon." In Dover, Greek and the Greeks. Collected Papers, Volume I: Language, Poetry, Drama. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1987. 151-60. Originally published in Italian in Dioniso 48 (1977) 55-69.
Sommerstein, Alan H. Aristophanes: Wealth. Warminster: Aris & Phillips, 2001.
Storey, Ian C. "Aristophanes, Clouds 1158-62: a prosopographical note." Classical Quarterly 39 (1989) 549-5.
Keywords: biography; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; history; military affairs; mythology; poetry; religion; tragedy
Translated by: Alan Sommerstein on 22 August 2003@04:36:53.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified headword; added LGPN refs to note 1; added x-refs; augmented keywords; cosmetics) on 22 August 2003@05:11:15.


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