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Headword: Λύματα
Adler number: lambda,834
Translated headword: filths, excrements, off-scourings
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] things that are cleaned away. The secretions of the belly in the toilet.[1]
"And contrary to the common law of humanity [the] ambassadors dishonoured the toga, polluting it with human excrements."[2]
Greek Original:
Λύματα: καθάρματα. αἱ τῆς γαστρὸς εἰς ἀφεδρῶνα ἐκκρίσεις. καὶ παρὰ τὸν κοινὸν τῶν ἀνθρώπων νόμον δὲ πρέσβεις ἠτίμασαν τὴν τήβενον λύμασιν ἀνθρωπείοις μολύναντες.
Notes:
Same neuter plural headword as lambda 833, but here in a commoner sense; see generally LSJ s.v. λύμα (A).
[1] Already defined as καθάρματα in Erotian (and as περικαθάρματα in Apollonius' Homeric Lexicon); and the full definition occurs elsewhere (see the references at Photius lambda465 Theodoridis).
[2] Also quoted at tau 464, which relates to the insult of Postumius at Tarentum (Taras; a city in southern Italy, modern-day Taranto; cf. tau 112 and tau 113): see discussion there. The quotation is distorted here, since Postumius was the ambassador being insulted. This appears to be an expansion of Constantine Porphyrogenitus, On Legations p. 6 de Boor: "when Lucius Postumius and Gaius Claudius were consuls, the Romans decided to make war against the Tarantines, who were Greek colonists, but dwelled in the edge of Italy, for they insulted their ambassadors in unseemly words and deeds, despite the common law of humanity, and the toga of Postumius, leader of the navy, but ..." Porphyrogenitus in turn cites "John's chronicle history", but no comparable passage is known.
Keywords: biography; clothing; daily life; definition; ethics; history
Translated by: Nick Nicholas on 8 April 2009@03:02:23.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 8 April 2009@04:09:00.
David Whitehead on 24 April 2013@05:08:15.
David Whitehead (my typo) on 23 January 2014@03:44:48.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 31 March 2015@00:10:18.
Ronald Allen (expanded n.2, added cross-references) on 7 July 2018@19:25:09.

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