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Headword: Λυγκέως ὀξυωπέστερον βλέπειν
Adler number: lambda,775
Translated headword: to see more sharp-sightedly than Lynkeus
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
This man was a brother of Idas;[1] but Aristophanes in Danaids [makes him] a son of Aigyptos.[2] He was the sharpest-eyed by such a long way[3] that he was able to see, through a fir, Kastor treacherously murder his brother, as Pindar says.[4] And Apollonius in Argonautica [writes]: "if the story is indeed true, that that man could easily see even below the earth".[5]
Greek Original:
Λυγκέως ὀξυωπέστερον βλέπειν: οὗτος ἐγένετο ἀδελφὸς Ἴδα: ὁ δὲ Ἀριστοφάνης ἐν Δαναί̈σιν υἱὸς Αἰγύπτου. τοσοῦτον δὲ ὀξυωπέστατος ἦν, ὡς δι' ἐλάτης ἰδεῖν Κάστορα δολοφονήσαντα τὸν ἀδελφόν, ὥς φησι Πίνδαρος. καὶ Ἀπολλώνιος ἐν Ἀργοναύταις: εἰ ἐτεόν γε πέλει κλέος, ἀνέρα κεῖνον ῥηϊδίως καὶ ἔνερθεν ὑπὸ χθονὸς αὐγάζεσθαι.
Notes:
The proverbial phrase which provides the present headword is employed in Aristophanes, Plutus [Wealth] 210, the scholia to which are drawn upon here; cf. also Aristophanes fr.260.
[1] The sons of Aphareus (cousins of Kastor and Polydeukes, the Dioskouroi).
[2] This is a different Lynkeus, king of Argos [Myth, Place] (Pindar, Nemean 10.12: web address 1) and husband of Hypermnestra, who spares him when she and her sister Danaids (daughters of Danaos) are instructed to kill their husbands (all sons of Aigyptos) by their father. Cf. ps.-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 2.1.5 (web address 2).
[3] His sharp sight becomes proverbial, as in the headword phrase. Cf. Appendix Proverbiorum 3.71.2 Λυγκέως ὀξύτερον βλέπει ["he sees more acutely than Lynkeus"].
[4] This is odd. Pindar in Nemean 10.60ff. (web address 1) tells of Idas killing Kastor after Lynkeus has seen Kastor (and possibly Polydeukes: text and interpretation uncertain, cf. the scholia to Pindar, Nemean 10.114a) hiding in an oak. Kypria F15 Bernabé has Lynkeus see both Kastor and Polydeukes hiding in an oak, while the summary of the Kypria in Proclus, Chrestomathy 108ff. also has Idas kill Kastor. Although Kastor kills Lynkeus in Theocritus, Idylls 22.193ff., there is no mention of Lynkeus seeing through a tree. Should the aorist participle δολοφονήσαντα be emended to the future δολοφονήσοντα ["intending/about to murder treacherously"]? This would tally with the version in the scholia to Pindar, Nemean 10.114b -- where Lynkeus sees Kastor waiting in ambush for Idas, and tells Idas, who wounds Kastor with a spear -- and ps.-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3.11.2 (web address 3) where Lynkeus sees Kastor and Polydeukes waiting in ambush, and tells Idas, who kills Kastor.
[5] Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 1.154-5.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3
Keywords: botany; comedy; daily life; dialects, grammar, and etymology; medicine; mythology; poetry; proverbs
Translated by: Andrew Morrison on 13 December 2002@05:52:29.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added note and keywords; cosmetics) on 13 December 2002@08:08:44.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 14 June 2007@09:04:25.
David Whitehead (tweaking; raised status) on 23 April 2013@03:04:35.
Catharine Roth (upgraded links) on 24 April 2013@00:18:58.
Catharine Roth (coding, typo) on 23 March 2015@23:38:07.
David Whitehead (coding) on 17 May 2016@04:57:41.

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