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Headword: Λακρατίδης
Adler number: lambda,70
Translated headword: Lakratides, Lacratides; Lakrateides
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
This man [was] an archon in Athens long ago. He held office in the era of Dareios,[1] at a time when there was a heavy fall of snow and everything froze up, preventing anyone from travelling. Hence they used to call all cold things "Lakratideses". Aristophanes [writes]: "for an ancient Lakratides the leg[s] are heavy".[2] That is, because of old age I cannot walk fast.
Greek Original:
Λακρατίδης: οὗτος ἀρχαῖος ἄρχων Ἀθήνησιν. ἦρχε δὲ ἐπὶ τῶν χρόνων Δαρείου, ἐφ' οὗ πλείστη χιὼν ἐγένετο καὶ ἀπέπηξε πάντα, ὡς μὴ δύνασθαί τινα προϊέναι. διόπερ τὰ ψυχρὰ πάντα Λακρατίδας ἐκάλουν. Ἀριστοφάνης: παλαιῷ Λακρατίδῃ τὸ σκέλος βαρύνεται. ὅ ἐστι διὰ τὸ γῆρας οὐχ οἷός τέ εἰμι θᾶττον βαδίζειν.
Notes:
The principal source of this material is a fragment of Philochorus (FGrH 328 F202) preserved in the scholia to Aristophanes, Acharnians 220. Develin (below) 48 dates Lakrateides -- the most authentic version of his name -- to the period 521/20-512/11.
Broadly similar material, more briefly, in Hesychius lambda217 and Photius lambda55 (where the editors prints the name as Lakratidas).
[1] King Dareios (Darius) I of Persia, reigned 522-486.
[2] Aristophanes, Acharnians 220.
Reference:
R. Develin, Athenian Officials 684-321 BC (Cambridge 1989)
Keywords: aetiology; biography; chronology; comedy; constitution; historiography; history; medicine; rhetoric
Translated by: David Whitehead on 5 December 2000@06:45:45.
Vetted by:
Robert Dyer (Cosmetics, added keyword) on 12 December 2002@11:44:45.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 13 December 2002@03:16:03.
David Whitehead (expanded note; tweaking) on 27 March 2013@10:57:06.

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