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Headword: Λουκιανὸς
Adler number: lambda,685
Translated headword: Loukianos, Lucianus, Lucian
Vetting Status: high
[Lucian] the martyr; this man was from Samosata in Syria,[1] born in the upper class. In his youth he met a certain man called Makarios, who lived in Edessa and gave explanatory lectures on the sacred books, and in a short time [Lucian] made his own whatever excellence this man had. And he entered into monastic life and reached the standard of every human excellence. He also entered the holy service, became a presbyter in Antioch, and established a large school there, as the best people from various regions were coming to him. This man thought that the holy books had taken in much of what was counterfeit within themselves, because time had corrupted much of their content, and there had been continuous changes in them from one thing to another, and on account of certain worthless men, who had been in the forefront of Hellenism and who wished to pervert their meaning and put in much that was illegitimate. So he re-edited the books, taking his cues from the Hebrew language, which he had learned quite well, as he put much effort into the correction of the holy books.[2] And furthermore one can find that he guarded the purity of the divine doctrines to the greatest degree among his contemporaries.
For he published doubtless most excellent letters, from which one may very easily learn what idea he held of divine matters. He was martyred in the time of Maximian[3] in Nicomedia of Bithynia.
Greek Original:
Λουκιανὸς ὁ μάρτυς: οὗτος ἐκ Σαμοσατῶν τῆς Συρίας ἦν, ἀνὴρ τῶν εὖ γεγονότων. παρὰ δὲ τὴν πρώτην ἡλικίαν Μακαρίῳ τινι τοὔνομα συγγενόμενος τὴν Ἔδεσσαν οἰκοῦντι καὶ τὰς ἱερὰς βίβλους ἐξηγουμένῳ, πᾶν ὅ τι κάλλιστον ἔφερε περὶ τοῦτον ἐκεῖνος ἐν οὐ πολλῷ συνέλαβε χρόνῳ. καὶ πρός τε τὸν μοναύλιον ἀπέκλινε βίον καὶ εἰς ἅπαν ἀρετῆς ἀνθρωπείας ἀφίκετο μέτρον. προὔβη δὲ καὶ εἰς ἱερωσύνην, πρεσβύτερος ἐν Ἀντιοχείᾳ γενόμενος, καὶ διδασκαλεῖον μέγα ἐκεῖ συνεστήσατο, ἑκασταχόθεν σπουδαιοτάτων ὡς αὐτὸν ἀλλαχόθεν ἄλλων ἀφικνουμένων. οὗτος τὰς ἱερὰς βίβλους θεασάμενος πολὺ τὸ νόθον εἰσδεξαμένας, τοῦ τε χρόνου λυμηναμένου πολλὰ τῶν ἐν αὐταῖς καὶ τῆς συνεχοῦς ἄφ' ἑτέρων εἰς ἕτερα μεταθέσεως, καὶ μέντοι καί τινων ἀνθρώπων πονηροτάτων, οἳ τοῦ Ἑλληνισμοῦ προεστήκεσαν, παρατρέψαι τὸν ἐν αὐταῖς θελησάντων νοῦν καὶ πολὺ τὸ κίβδηλον ἐνσκευασαμένων, αὐτὸς ἁπάσας ἀναλαβὼν ἐκ τῆς Ἑβραί̈δος αὐτὰς ἐπανενεώσατο γλώττης, ἣν καὶ αὐτὴν ἠκριβωκὼς ἐς τὰ μάλιστα ἦν, πόνον τῇ ἐπανορθώσει πλεῖστον εἰσενεγκάμενος. οὐ μὴν δὲ ἀλλὰ καὶ τὴν καθαρότητα τῶν θείων δογμάτων παρὰ τούτῳ τις ἂν μάλιστα τῶν κατ' ἐκεῖνον τὸν χρόνον γενομένων ἐπ' ἄκρον εὕροι φυλαττομένην. ἐξέθετο γὰρ καὶ ἐπιστολὰς ἀμέλει γενναιοτάτας, ἐξ ὧν φωράσαι τις ἂν εὖ μάλα ῥᾳδίως, ἣν ὁ ἀνὴρ περὶ τῶν θείων ἔσῳζε γνώμην. ἐμαρτύρησε δὲ ἐπὶ Μαξιμιανοῦ ἐν Νικομηδείᾳ τῆς Βιθυνίας.
From the Life of Lucian the Martyr (ed. Bidez), with an addendum from Hieronymus (Jerome), De viris inlustribus (ed. Gebhardt).
[1] Like his earlier namesake lambda 683; cf. sigma 82.
[2] cf. nu 447.
[3] Early C4 AD.
Keywords: biography; Christianity; chronology; ethics; geography; religion
Translated by: Akihiko Watanabe on 21 May 1999@01:59:02.
Vetted by:
Edmund P. Cueva on 14 March 2000@07:01:12.
David Whitehead (added notes, keyword, bibliography; cosmetics) on 9 September 2001@06:52:39.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 6 March 2002@21:31:25.
Catharine Roth (added keyword) on 5 October 2005@17:45:39.
Catharine Roth (added versions of headword; cross-reference, keyword) on 24 April 2008@14:33:54.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 22 April 2013@04:38:09.
David Whitehead (another x-ref) on 3 February 2014@06:07:08.


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