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Headword: Λορδόν
Adler number: lambda,678
Translated headword: bent backwards, convex
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] something humped.[1] Also [sc. attested is the superlative] λορδότατον ["most/very bent"], [meaning something] bent upwards and opposite to the curved [sc. shape, i.e. concave]; that which is also called "stooping".[2]
Greek Original:
Λορδόν: τὸ ὑπόκυρτον. καὶ λορδότατον, τὸ ἀποσεσιμωμένον καὶ ἐναντίον τῷ κυρτῷ: ὃ καὶ κυφὸν καλεῖται.
Notes:
Likewise or similarly elsewhere: see the references at Photius lambda403 Theodoridis.
[1] The gloss shows that the headword (which must be quoted from somewhere) is neuter nominative/accusative singular -- rather than masculine accusative singular -- of the adjective in question (for which see also lambda 679, and cf. lambda 680, lambda 681).
[2] But κυφός (bent forwards, concave in front) is opposed to λορδός (bent backwards, convex in front) in Hippocrates, On Fractures 16 (LSJ s.v.): the doctor should make sure that the binding on the wound is "neither bent forwards nor bent backwards". The superlative λορδότατον is also mentioned by the grammarian Erotian as a word used by Hippocrates, but does not appear in the surviving corpus.
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; medicine
Translated by: Nick Nicholas on 23 June 2009@07:07:35.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes; another keyword; tweaks and cosmetics) on 23 June 2009@08:48:55.
David Whitehead (tweaking) on 22 April 2013@04:09:12.

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