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Headword: Λογοτόπος
Adler number: lambda,659
Translated headword: summary syllogism
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Among philosophers [a summary syllogism][1] [is] a combination of both,[2] as for example in "if Plato is alive, Plato is breathing; but the first [is true], therefore the second [is true]". The summary syllogism was introduced in order that, when dealing with long and complex arguments, we should no longer have to state the minor premiss -- [if] a long one -- and the conclusion, but could proceed summarily: "but the first, so the second".
Greek Original:
Λογοτόπος: παρὰ φιλοσόφοις τὸ ἐξ ἀμφοτέρων σύνθετον: οἷον, εἰ ζῇ Πλάτων, ἀναπνεῖ Πλάτων. ἀλλὰ μὴν τὸ πρῶτον: τὸ ἄρα δεύτερον. παρεισήχθη δὲ ὁ λογοτόπος ὑπὲρ τοῦ ἐν ταῖς μακροτέραις συντάξεσι τῶν λόγων μηκέτι τὴν σύλληψιν μακρὰν οὖσαν καὶ τὴν ἐπιφορὰν λέγειν, ἀλλὰ συντόμως ἐπενεγκεῖν, τὸ δὲ πρῶτον: τὸ ἄρα δεύτερον.
Notes:
From Diogenes Laertius 7.77, presenting the terminology of the Stoic philosopher Crinis (C2 BCE).
[1] The headword, transmitted as λογοτόπος , should actually be λογοτρόπος .
[2] Both λόγος and τρόπος , previously defined by D.L. (7.76).
Keywords: definition; philosophy
Translated by: David Whitehead on 12 September 2001@05:26:43.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (set status) on 21 November 2003@16:29:03.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 23 November 2003@04:39:41.
David Whitehead on 21 April 2013@08:59:37.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 22 April 2013@01:19:01.

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