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Headword: Λιβυρνικαί
Adler number: lambda,496
Translated headword: Liburnics, Liburnians
Vetting Status: high
Ships [which] did not have the form of a trireme but were instead rather piratical: brazen-beaked and strong and armoured, and unreliable in respect of speed.
Greek Original:
Λιβυρνικαί: νῆες ἦσαν οὐ κατὰ τὸν τριηρικὸν ἐσχηματισμέναι τύπον, ἀλλὰ λῃστρικώτεραι χαλκέμβολοί τε καὶ ἰσχυραὶ καὶ κατάφρακτοι, καὶ τὸ τάχος ἄπιστον.
Named after the Liburnian people of the northern Adriatic coast (present-day Croatia). LSJ s.v. characterizes the ship-type as "a lift, swift vessel, felucca"; and cf. L. Casson, Ships and Seamanship in the Ancient World (Baltimore & London 1995) 141-2, "a fast, two banked galley adapted from from a craft developed among the Liburnians, piratically-minded dwellers of the Dalmatian coast and its offshore islands". Adopted by the Roman navy at least as early as the C3 BCE. See further in Casson, General Index s.v. It therefore looks as though this Suda entry, after starting plausibly enough, switches to a description of an altogether different type of ship.
See also lambda 490 (under a commoner form of the headword).
Keywords: definition; military affairs; science and technology; trade and manufacture
Translated by: David Whitehead on 12 September 2001@04:36:28.
Vetted by:
Elizabeth Vandiver (Added italics; set status) on 17 November 2003@16:42:11.
David Whitehead (typo; other cosmetics) on 18 November 2003@03:05:12.
David Whitehead on 18 April 2013@07:35:36.


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