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Headword: Λίβερνα
Adler number: lambda,490
Translated headword: Liburnian, liburnian
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
A type of boat.
Light ships.[1]
"[He] having built thirty-oared runners after the model of Liburnians".[2]
Greek Original:
Λίβερνα: εἶδος πλοίου. καράβια. πηξάμενος δρομάδας τριακοντήρεις Λιβερνίδων τύπῳ.
Notes:
See also lambda 496, and generally L. Casson, Ships and Seamanship in the Ancient World (Baltimore 1995) 141-2: "the liburnian was a fast, two-banked galley adapted from a craft developed among the Liburnians, piratical-minded dwellers of the Dalmatian coast and its offshore islands".
[1] Likewise or similarly in other lexica: see the references at Photius lambda293 Theodoridis. For this glossing term, karabion, cf. under epsilon 3944.
[2] As Boissonade recognised, this is a contextless fragment of Eunapius (vol.1 p.264 lines 25-26 Dindorf). It uses the form libernides rather than the present headword. For "runners" cf. under epsilon 1937. On the other hand this fragment may have referred to the naval victory of Fravitta over Gainas in 400 CE in the Hellespont. See Alan Cameron and Jacqueline Long, Barbarians and Politics at the Court of Arcadius, University of California Press, Berkeley, 1993, p. 238.
Keywords: biography; definition; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; trade and manufacture
Translated by: Craig Gibson on 9 April 2009@13:08:58.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 10 April 2009@04:59:39.
David Whitehead (expanded n.1) on 18 April 2013@07:13:04.
Mehmet Fatih Yavuz (expanded n.2) on 27 March 2015@05:27:03.

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