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Headword: Λῆξις
Adler number: lambda,465
Translated headword: allotment, cessation
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] ceasing, or portion, inheritance.[1]
Aelian [writes]: "and he buries the dead man, having already rendered to the infernal gods their allotment."[2] And elsewhere: "on the cessation of that period (a cessation which, by Zeus, was hardly fortunate), he hurled himself like a lightning bolt onto the evils of the Egyptians, in Alexander's City and Rome."[3]
[Note] that a ceasing is an inheritance, but an allocation [is] a portion;[4] and "selection by lot" is an allotment to a better portion. "He did not hesitate to allot with deifying authority."[5]
Greek Original:
Λῆξις: παῦσις, ἢ μερίς, κληρονομία. Αἰλιανός: καὶ θάπτει τὸν νεκρόν, τοῖς καταχθονίοις θεοῖς ἀποδιδοὺς τῆς ἐκείνων λήξεως ἤδη. καὶ αὖθις: λήξει οὐ μὰ Δία εὐκλήρῳ χρόνου τὰ Αἰγυπτίων κακὰ τῶν ἐν τῇ πόλει τῇ Ἀλεξάνδρου ἐγκατέσκηψε καὶ τῇ Ῥώμῃ. ὅτι παῦσίς ἐστι κληρονομία, λῆξις δὲ μερίς: ἡ δὲ ἀποκλήρωσις μέρος εἰς ἀμείνονα λῆξιν. ἀποκληρῶσαι θεοποιῷ φροντίδι οὐδὲν ὤκνησε.
Notes:
[1] LSJ s.v. λῆξις A "allotment", from λαγχάνω ; LSJ s.v. λῆξις B "cessation", from λήγω . Same definition given in alpha 3356 (and cf. mu 875); also in the Synagoge, Photius, and the Lexica Segueriana. The 1822 Porson edition of Photius (but not the 1998 Theodoridis) has "a portion" (ἡ μερίς ) instead of "or portion" (ἢ μερίς ).
[2] Aelian fr. 240 Domingo-Forasté, 241 Hercher (χθονίοις in manuscripts GFVM).
[3] Aelian fr. 286 Domingo-Forasté (288 Hercher); cf. epsilon 80.
[4] Possibly a misunderstanding of the initial phrase of the definition, rearranging the terms to make sense of the ambiguity.
[5] Damascius, Life of Isidore fr. 256 Zintzen. Zintzen includes "to the better portion" in the fragment. Also cited (with the garbled redefinition of λῆξις ) in pi 821 and alpha 3356.
Keywords: biography; definition; economics; ethics; geography; religion
Translated by: Nick Nicholas on 6 April 2009@21:07:59.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (another x-ref; more keywords; cosmetics) on 7 April 2009@04:08:54.
Catharine Roth (updated reference in note 3) on 6 August 2011@16:02:03.
David Whitehead on 18 April 2013@05:54:02.
Catharine Roth (updated reference) on 10 June 2013@01:45:41.
David Whitehead (coding) on 16 May 2016@11:22:21.

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