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Headword: *leiponau=tai
Adler number: lambda,384
Translated headword: navy-deserters
Vetting Status: high
"They passed a decree to seek out those throughout Greece who were navy-deserters and to cut off the hands of all of them."[1]
Greek Original:
*leiponau=tai. e)dogmatopoih/santo de\ tou\s kata\ th\n *(ella/da leiponau/tas gegono/tas a)nazhth=sai kai\ ta\s xei=ras a)poko/yai pa/ntwn.
The unglossed headword is nominative plural of the noun leiponau/ths. It appears in the accusative plural in the quotation given. The word is otherwise unattested in this leip- form.
Pollux 8.40, 42-43 suggests that this offense was prosecuted in Athens by a graphe l(e)iponautiou. See further Hamel (art.cit. below).
[1] The quotation is unidentifiable, so it is not clear what event is being referred to, or who 'they' are. The subject-matter is reminiscent, however, of the decree allegedly passed by the Athenians prior to the battle of Aigospotamoi (405 BCE). See Xenophon, Hellenica 2.1.31: the Athenians resolved to cut off the right hands of all those they captured if they won the battle. See also Plutarch, Lysander 9.5; Aelian, Varia Historia 2.9; Cicero, De Officiis 3.11.46. For discussion see Debra Hamel, Athenian Generals: Military Authority in the Classical Period (Leiden 1998) 51.
Martin, A. 1877-1919: "Liponautiou Graphe Lipostratiou Graphe Lipotaxiou Graphe in Dictionnaire des Antiquites Grecques et Romaines. Edd. C. Daremberg and M. Edmond Saglio. Paris
Hamel, D. 1998 [2000]: "Coming to terms with lipotaxion". GRBS 39, 361-405, esp.401-3
Rosenberg, Emil. 1876: "Ueber das attische militaerstrafgesetz". Philologus 34, 65-73
Thalheim, Th. 1877: "Das attische militaerstrafgesetz und Lysias 14,7". Neue Jahrbuch fuer Philologie und Paedagogik. 115, 269-272
Thalheim, Th. "*liponauti/ou grafh/ und lipostrati/ou grafh/". RE coll. 722-723
Keywords: dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; historiography; history; law; medicine; military affairs
Translated by: Debra Hamel on 15 July 1999@01:16:42.
Vetted by:
David Mirhady on 4 January 2000@16:49:58.
David Whitehead (updated bibliography; cosmetics) on 22 January 2001@04:41:08.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 17 January 2004@01:07:25.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 4 March 2009@23:20:39.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 5 March 2009@03:13:39.
Catharine Roth (more cosmeticules) on 5 March 2009@19:48:37.
David Whitehead on 17 April 2013@05:41:31.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 31 October 2014@23:35:08.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 2 January 2015@23:43:47.


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