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Headword: Λείας
Adler number: lambda,356
Translated headword: booty, plunder
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Meaning] spoils from enemies.[1]
Also [sc. attested is the headword] λείας , [meaning] the flocks, the cattle, in Sophocles; hence also λῃστής in its proper sense ["plunderer"]. Homer [writes]: "we drove together a lot of booty from out the plain".[2] "For we recently found all the cattle dead and slaughtered".[3]
And again: "they were in control of many spoils, and much plunder".[4]
Also [sc. attested is] ληΐζω ["I harry"], [meaning] I despoil. And elsewhere Homer [writes]: "for both cattle and goodly sheep are plunderable".[5]
And again: "when the Scythians overran the land of the Romans and took away a lot of plunder, the emperor Valentinian[6] was angered and shouted loudly and he burst because of the cry and died".[7]
Greek Original:
Λείας: πραίδας ἀπὸ πολεμίων. καὶ Λείας, τὰ ποίμνια, τὰ βοσκήματα, παρὰ Σοφοκλεῖ: ἔνθεν καὶ λῃστὴς κατὰ τὸ κύριον. Ὅμηρος: ληί̈δα δ' ἐκ πεδίου συνηλάσαμεν ἤλιθα πολλήν. ἐφθαρμένας γὰρ ἀρτίως εὑρίσκομεν λείας ἁπάσας καὶ κατηναρισμένας. καὶ αὖθις: πολλὰ μὲν λάφυρα, πολλὴν δὲ λείαν περιεβάλλοντο. καὶ Ληί̈ζω, τὸ πραιδεύω. καὶ ἀλλαχοῦ Ὅμηρος: ληϊστοὶ μὲν γάρ τε βόες καὶ ἴφια μῆλα. καὶ αὖθις: Σκυθῶν ἐπιδραμόντων τὴν Ῥωμαίων χώραν καὶ πολλὴν λείαν παρασυράντων, ὁ βασιλεὺς Οὐαλεντινιανὸς ὀργισθεὶς καὶ βοήσας μειζόνως ἐρράγη τὰ τῆς φωνῆς αἴτια καὶ ἐτελεύτησε.
Notes:
[1] Likewise or similarly in other lexica: see the references at Photius lambda144 Theodoridis. The headword, which must be quoted from somewhere, is accusative plural of LSJ's λεία (B).
[2] Homer, Iliad 11.677 (web address 1).
[3] Sophocles, Ajax 25-26 (web address 2), with scholion; cf. kappa 1052.
[4] Quotation unidentifiable.
[5] Homer, Iliad 9.406 (web address 3).
[6] Valentinian I (CE 364-375); Walter E. Roberts' DIR entry at web address 4. See also beta 72, omicron 762, omicron 763.
[7] Quotation (connected with the traditions about Valentinian's death, as in Georgius Cedrenus, Compendium historiarum 1.547.1-10) unidentifiable.
Associated internet addresses:
Web address 1,
Web address 2,
Web address 3,
Web address 4
Keywords: biography; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; epic; ethics; geography; historiography; history; medicine; military affairs; tragedy; zoology
Translated by: Ioannis Doukas on 7 April 2009@11:41:35.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 8 April 2009@00:20:09.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 8 April 2009@03:15:33.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 16 April 2013@07:06:39.
Catharine Roth (tweaked notes) on 28 November 2014@23:56:06.

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