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Headword: Λεύκιος Αἰμίλιος
Adler number: lambda,330
Translated headword: Leukios Aimilios, Lucius Aemilius
Vetting Status: high
The conqueror of Perseus,[1] became master of the Macedonian kingdom, in which, apart from other booty and riches, were found more than six thousand talents of gold and silver in the treasuries; but he, so far from coveting any of these things, did not even want to look at them and left the handling of the above-mentioned items to others -- this despite the fact that his own personal life was not affluent, but on the contrary rather meagre. At any rate when he died, not long after the war, and his natural sons Publius Scipio and Quintus Maximus[2] wanted to return to his wife[3] her pherne -- that is, dowry[4] -- of 25 talents, they found it so hard to raise the money that they could not even have done so without selling off the household contents and the slaves and some real-estate with them. So the finest proof of his integrity was what he left behind at his death. For the man who had brought into Rome from Spain more gold than any of his contemporaries, who had become master of the enormous treasuries of Macedonia, ended his own life in such a state that [his sons] could not discharge the pherne to his wife without selling some of the family real-estate.
Greek Original:
Λεύκιος Αἰμίλιος, ὁ Περσέα νικήσας, κύριος γενόμενος τῆς Μακεδόνων βασιλείας, ἐν ᾗ τῆς ἄλλης χωρὶς κατασκευῆς καὶ χορηγίας ἐν αὐτοῖς εὑρέθη τοῖς θησαυροῖς ἀργυρίου καὶ χρυσίου πλείω τῶν ἑξακισχιλίων ταλάντων, οὐχ οἷον ἐπεθύμησε τούτων τινός, ἀλλ' οὐδ' αὐτόπτης ἐβουλήθη γενέσθαι, δι' ἑτέρων δὲ τὸν χειρισμὸν ἐποιήσατο τῶν προειρημένων, καίτοι κατὰ τὸν ἴδιον βίον οὐ περιττεύων τῇ χορηγίᾳ, τὸ δ' ἐναντίον ἐλλείπων μᾶλλον. μεταλλάξαντος γοῦν αὐτοῦ τὸν βίον οὐ πολὺ κατόπιν τοῦ πολέμου, βουληθέντες οἱ κατὰ φύσιν υἱοί, Πόπλιος Σκιπίων καὶ Κόϊντος Μάξιμος, ἀποδοῦναι τῇ γυναικὶ τὴν φερνήν, ἤγουν προῖκα, κ# τάλαντα καὶ ε#, ἐπὶ τοσοῦτον ἐδυσχρηστήθησαν, ὡς οὐδ' εἰς τέλος ἐδυνήθησαν, εἰ μὴ τὴν ἐνδουχίαν ἀπέδοντο καὶ τὰ σώματα καὶ σὺν τούτοις καί τινας τῶν κτήσεων. κάλλιστον οὖν σημεῖον κατέλιπε τῆς ἑαυτοῦ προαιρέσεως ἀποθανών. ὁ γὰρ πλεῖστον μὲν τῶν καθ' αὑτὸν ἐξ Ἰβηρίας χρυσὸν εἰς τὴν Ῥώμην μετενηνοχώς, μεγίστων δὲ θησαυρῶν κύριος γενόμενος ἐν Μακεδονίᾳ τοιοῦτον ἀπέλιπε τὸν ἴδιον βίον ὥστε μὴ δύνασθαι τὴν φερνὴν τῇ γυναικὶ διαλῦσαι πᾶσαν ἐκ τῶν ἐπίπλων, εἰ μὴ τῶν ἐγγείων τινὰς προσαπέδοτο κτήσεων.
Drawn from two sections of Polybius, 18.35.4-6 and (from "So the finest proof") 31.22.1-4; see also n.4 below. On L. Aemilius Paullus the younger (died 160 BCE) see generally OCD(4) p.21.
[1] In the Third Macedonian War.
[2] P. Cornelius Scipio Aemilianus and, the elder of the two, Q. Fabius Maximus Aemilianus.
[3] Name unknown. (Not their mother, Papiria.)
[4] A mini-gloss from phi 224.
Keywords: biography; chronology; daily life; economics; ethics; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; women
Translated by: David Whitehead on 8 September 2001@08:14:22.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (set status) on 23 November 2003@00:52:42.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 23 November 2003@05:14:44.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 5 December 2005@06:12:40.
David Whitehead on 15 April 2013@09:26:56.
David Whitehead on 5 August 2014@03:33:53.


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