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Headword: Λέπρεον
Adler number: lambda,288
Translated headword: Lepreon, Lepreum
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
A city of Triphylia.[1] [It takes its name] from the steep mountain nearby. Some, though, [derive the name] from the fact that the men founding it caught the disease of leprosy.[2]
As a neuter [it is] Lepreon. But Aristophanes proffered [it] as a masculine: "Eleian" - meaning the one in Elis - "Lepreus". It took this name because of the fact that their skin[3] peels [lepein] - making them transparent; [or] from their mountain home; for there are rocks there mottled in color and translucent in appearance like that of lepers.[4]
Greek Original:
Λέπρεον: τῆς Τριφυλίας πόλις. ἀπὸ τοῦ παρακειμένου τραχέος ὄρους. οἱ δ' ἀπὸ τοῦ τοὺς κτίζοντας αὐτὴν νόσῳ χρήσασθαι λέπρᾳ. οὐδετέρως τὸ Λέπρεον. Ἀριστοφάνης δὲ ἀρσενικῶς ἐξήνεγκε: τὸν Ἠλεῖον Λέπρεον, ἀντὶ τοῦ τὸν τῆς Ἤλιδος. οὕτω δὲ ἐκλήθη διὰ τὸ τὴν χώραν αὐτῶν λέπειν: διαφαίνονται γὰρ ἐκ τῆς ὀρεινῆς. πέτρας γὰρ εἶναι αὐτόθι ποικίλας τῷ χρώματι καὶ διαλεύκους ὁμοίας τὰς ὄψεις λεπριῶσιν.
Notes:
[1] Part of southern Elis, in the Peloponnese (Greece).
[2] cf. lambda 287.
[3] Reading χρόαν for the transmitted χώραν .
[4] From the scholia to Aristophanes, Birds 149, here quoted (web address 1). For the continuation of the passage see lambda 289.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: aetiology; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; geography; medicine
Translated by: David Whitehead on 15 July 2001@07:44:29.
Vetted by:
Elizabeth Vandiver (Added link; cosmetics; set status) on 1 November 2003@21:37:23.
David Whitehead (modified notes; added a keyword) on 2 November 2003@05:36:02.
David Whitehead on 5 April 2013@05:38:48.
Catharine Roth (upgraded link) on 5 April 2013@22:34:08.

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