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Headword: Λεωσθένης
Adler number: lambda,276
Translated headword: Leosthenes
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
A general of [the] Athenians.[1] This man, with quite ready zealousness at the critical time in the war against the Macedonians and with his good fortune failing, proceeds against the enemy and makes a rash charge. He is struck by a rock on the head in an unguarded moment and falls along the battle array.[2]
Greek Original:
Λεωσθένης, στρατηγὸς τῶν Ἀθηναίων. οὗτος ἐν τῷ πρὸς τοὺς Μακεδόνας πολέμῳ προθυμίᾳ χρησάμενος τοῦ καιροῦ προθυμοτέρᾳ καὶ τῇ παραπεσούσῃ εὐπραγίᾳ κατὰ τῶν πολεμίων ἐπεξιὼν τήν τε ἐμβολὴν ἀφειδῆ ποιεῖται καὶ λίθῳ πληγεὶς πρὸς τὴν κεφαλὴν ἀφυλάκτως ἐπὶ τῆς παρατάξεως πίπτει.
Notes:
C4 BCE; see generally OCD(4) s.v. The present material comes from Arrian, History of Alexander's Successors fr.17 Roos-Wirth.
[1] For a summary of Leosthenes' career in office see Robert Develin, Athenian Officials 684-321 B.C. (Cambridge 1989), Index I no.1802.
[2] For Leosthenes' death in the Lamian War (322 BCE) see also Hypereides 6 passim [English commentary in Ian Worthington (ed.), Greek Orators II: Dinarchus and Hypereides (Warminster 2000) 205-25]; Diodorus Siculus 18.13.5; Strabo 9.5.10; Justin 13.5.12; Pausanias 1.25.5, 3.6.1.
Keywords: biography; ethics; geography; historiography; history; military affairs
Translated by: Debra Hamel on 12 August 1999@19:46:34.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added headword and bibliography) on 22 January 2001@04:32:49.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords; cosmetics) on 22 October 2003@06:50:45.
David Whitehead (more keywords; tweaking) on 5 April 2013@04:46:02.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 6 April 2013@00:12:49.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 5 August 2014@03:22:41.

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