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Headword: Λεοννάτος
Adler number: lambda,249
Translated headword: Leonnatos, Leonnatus
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
A Macedonian general, related by birth to the mother of Philip,[1] but brought up with Alexander,[2] and a sharer in esteem by virtue of the appropriateness of his upbringing and his family and for both the size and the beauty of his body. Even while Alexander was alive his pride was excessive, and he openly displayed a sort of Persian softness when it came to the brilliance of his weaponry and the rest of his military preparations. But once Alexander had died his ambition set in: he likened himself to royalty as regards both loosening and tying up his hair and in the rest of his toilet, all of which he attended to in a near-Persian manner. Nisaean horses[3] (though some say from Phasis), all gold-bridled, were placed at the head of his rank, remarkable in their ornamentation. Attached to him also were magnificent tents and arms of exceptional beauty, and the corps of the companions[4] was in attendance.
Greek Original:
Λεοννάτος, στρατηγὸς Μακεδονίας, κατὰ γένος προσήκων Φιλίππου μητρί, συντραφεὶς δὲ Ἀλεξάνδρῳ, κατὰ τὸ τῆς τροφῆς ἐπιτήδειον καὶ τοῦ γένους καὶ κατὰ μέγεθος μέντοι καὶ κάλλος τοῦ σώματος τιμῆς μετεῖχεν. ὅθεν αὐτῷ καὶ ζῶντος Ἀλεξάνδρου τό τε φρόνημα ὑπέρογκον ἦν καί τις ἁβρότης Περσικὴ κατά τε τὴν τῶν ὅπλων λαμπρότητα καὶ τὴν ἄλλην δίαιταν ἐς τὴν τῶν πολεμίων οὐκ ἀφανῶς ἐπετηδεύετο. τελευτήσαντος δὲ Ἀλεξάνδρου καὶ ζῆλον ἐποιεῖτο, εἰκάζων αὑτὸν πρὸς τὰ βασιλικὰ τῷ τε ἀφέτῳ καὶ ἀνειμένῳ τῆς κόμης καὶ τῇ ἄλλῃ κατασκευῇ, ἣ οὐ πρόσω τοῦ Περσικοῦ τρόπου ἤσκητο αὐτῷ. ἵπποι τε Νισαῖοι, οἱ δὲ Φάσιδος ἄπο, χρυσοχάλινοι σύμπαντες, προετετάχατο τῆς τάξεως, ἐκπρέποντες τοῖς καλλωπίσμασιν. ἐπήγνυντο δὲ αὐτῷ καὶ σκηναὶ μεγαλοπρεπεῖς, καὶ ὅπλα κάλλει ὑπερφέροντα, εἵπετο καὶ τὸ τῶν ἑταίρων ἄγημα.
Notes:
On this individual (c.358-322) see generally Malcolm Errington in OCD(4) s.v., with lots of important biographical detail ignored here. The present, overtly hostile, thumbnail-sketch comes from Arrian, History of Alexander's Successors fr.12 (= FGrH 156 F178).
[1] phi 354.
[2] alpha 1121.
[3] Nisaean (or more exactly Nesaean) horses were those of the Achaemenid Persian kings.
[4] The companions (ἐταίροι ) were an élite cavalry company of the Macedonian army, made up of noblemen. See Malcolm Errington in OCD (4) s.v. "hetairoi".
References:
Berve, Alexanderreich no.466
Heckel, Marshals 91ff
Keywords: biography; chronology; clothing; ethics; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; trade and manufacture; women; zoology
Translated by: David Whitehead on 10 April 2008@04:39:43.
Vetted by:
Jennifer Benedict (added note, cosmetics, status) on 10 April 2008@06:41:07.
David Whitehead (typo; another note) on 10 April 2008@07:02:34.
David Whitehead on 4 April 2013@08:17:12.
David Whitehead on 5 August 2014@03:17:09.

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