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Headword: Λαχάρης
Adler number: lambda,165
Translated headword: Lachares
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Son of Lachares; of Athens. Sophist. A pupil of Heracleon of Athens;[1] he taught many pupils, among whom Eustephius,[2] Nicolaus[3] and Asterius[4] are well-known. Floruit under the emperors Marcianus and Leon. He wrote On Colon, Comma and Period; informal discourses; a history according to Cornutus;[5] Rhetorical Selections (alphabetically arranged).
Lachares the sophist was rather slow of speech, but handsome and fine in appearance; as to virtue, he deserves to be called a philosopher rather than a sophist. He was an especially pious man, and having lost his sight he regained it.[6]
Greek Original:
Λαχάρης, Λαχάρους, Ἀθηναῖος, σοφιστής: μαθητὴς Ἡρακλέωνος Ἀθηναίου, διδάσκαλος δὲ πλείστων, ἐνδόξων δὲ Εὐστεφίου καὶ Νικολάου καὶ Ἀστερίου: ἀκμάσας ἐπί τε Μαρκιανοῦ καὶ Λέοντος τῶν βασιλέων. ἔγραψε Περὶ κώλου καὶ κόμματος καὶ περιόδου, Διαλέξεις, Ἱστορίαν τὴν κατὰ Κορνοῦτον, Ἐκλογὰς ῥητορικὰς κατὰ στοιχεῖον. ὅτι ὁ Λαχάρης ὁ σοφιστὴς βραδύτερος μὲν ἦν πρὸς τοὺς λόγους, καλὸς δὲ καὶ ἀγαθὸς τὴν ὄψιν: πρὸς ἀρετὴν φιλόσοφος ἄξιος καλεῖσθαι μᾶλλον ἢ σοφιστής. ἐπεὶ καὶ ἄλλως θεοφιλὴς ἀνὴρ ἦν, ὅς γε τὰς ὄψεις ἀποβαλὼν πάλιν ἀνεκτήσατο.
Notes:
RE Lachares(3)=(4); PLRE II Lachares(2); LGPN ii s.v. no.4.
[1] PLRE II Heracleon; otherwise unattested.
[2] epsilon 3750.
[3] nu 394 and nu 395.
[4] PLRE II Asterius (6).
[5] Perhaps 'a history ...; Art of Rhetoric according to Cornutus'. Graeven (1891) argued that the rhetorical treatise known as the Anonymus Seguerianus is an epitome of a work by an early third-century rhetorician named Cornutus, cited in Lachares' On Colon, Comma and Period.
[6] Damascius, Life of Isidore fr. 140 Zintzen (84 Asmus); see in full at sigma 799.
Reference:
H. Graeven, 'Ein Fragment des Lachares', Hermes 30 (1891) 289-313
Keywords: biography; chronology; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; geography; history; medicine; philosophy; rhetoric
Translated by: Malcolm Heath on 8 May 2002@21:55:03.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added keywords; cosmetics) on 13 September 2002@07:37:04.
Catharine Roth (cosmetics) on 2 February 2005@23:43:26.
David Whitehead (corrected a date) on 3 February 2005@03:05:32.
David Whitehead (more keywords; cosmetics) on 3 April 2013@09:04:33.

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