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Headword: Λάγανα
Adler number: lambda,12
Translated headword: meal-cakes
Vetting Status: high
[Meaning] flat-cakes, like dry [ones].[1]
From the [adjective] λαγαρύ ["thin"].[2]
Also [sc. attested is the phrase] "[him] starving and eating nothing."[3]
"And when David had sacrificed in honor of the relocation of the ark [sc. of the covenant] 'he distributed to the women and men and children a loaf of bread and hearth-bread and laganistos and a portion of the sacrifice'."[4]
Greek Original:
Λάγανα: πλακουντάρια, ὡς καπυρώδη. παρὰ τὸ λαγαρύ. καί, λαγαριζόμενον καὶ τρώγοντα τὸ μηδέν. καὶ Δαβὶδ θύσας ἐπὶ τῇ τῆς κιβωτοῦ μεταθέσει γυναιξὶ καὶ ἀνδράσι καὶ νηπίοις διέδωκε κολλουρίδα ἄρτου καὶ ἐσχαρίτην καὶ λαγανιστὸν καὶ μερίδα θύματος.
[1] The headword (neuter plural) has the same or similar glossing in other lexica; see the references at Photius lambda13 Theodoridis. It is presumably quoted from somewhere, perhaps the Septuagint: Latte on Hesychius suggests Numbers '6.5' (= 6.15), and one could add e.g. Exodus 29.2, Leviticus 2.4 & 7.12.
[2] cf. generally Etymologicum Magnum 554.11-13.
[3] An approximation of Aristophanes, Wasps 674. See again at lambda 14; also eta 589, tau 886.
[4] Adler cites as a parallel for this material 2 Kingdoms 6:19 LXX. TLG searching shows that the second half of it is also, verbatim, in Constantine Porphryrogenitus, De virtutibus et vitiis 1.55.24-26.
Keywords: biography; children; comedy; definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; food; religion; women
Translated by: Bobbiejo Winfrey on 27 June 2003@09:24:38.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (modified translation; added notes; augmented keywords) on 27 June 2003@09:50:42.
David Whitehead (another keyword) on 16 November 2005@08:20:45.
David Whitehead (augmented notes) on 17 June 2011@07:48:33.
David Whitehead (augmented notes) on 27 March 2013@05:05:02.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation, coding) on 27 March 2013@17:00:59.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 31 December 2014@16:14:36.
David Whitehead (coding) on 16 May 2016@03:08:19.


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