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Headword: *karki/nos
Adler number: kappa,394
Translated headword: Karkinos, Carcinus
Vetting Status: high
[Karkinos] of Acragas,[1] a tragedian. Also[2] Karkinos, son of Theodektes or Xenocles,[3] an Athenian, a tragedian. He produced 160 plays and had 1 victory.[4] He was in his prime during the 100th Olympiad,[5] before the kingship of Philip of Macedon. Among his plays are Achilles, Semele or Beginning, as Athenaeus says in Philosophers at Dinner.[6]
Lysias [writes]: "for the bitches, he says, were spoiled by going in to my "crab"."[7] And whenever the grain is rooted in the ground, they say that it has spread crab-wise. Pherecrates [writes]: "whenever you are at leisure, send some snow so that the wheat crop may intertwine its roots like a crab."[8] A disease occurring in bodies is also called "crab." This is now called carcinoma. The word is also found frequently as a proper name.
Greek Original:
*karki/nos, *)akraganti=nos, tragiko/s. kai\ *karki/nos, *qeode/ktou h)\ *cenokle/ous, *)aqhnai=os, tragiko/s. dra/mata e)di/dacen rc#, e)ni/khse de\ a#. h)/kmaze kata\ th\n r# o)lumpia/da, pro\ th=s *fili/ppou basilei/as tou= *makedo/nos. tw=n drama/twn au)tou= e)stin *)axilleu/s, *seme/lh, h)\ a)rxh/, w(s *)aqh/naio/s fhsin e)n *deipnosofistai=s. *lusi/as: e)lumai/nonto ga/r mou to\n karki/non ei)sfoitw=sai, fhsi/n, ai( ku/nes. kai\ o(/tan o( si=tos r(izwqh=| kata\ th=s gh=s, kekarkinw=sqai/ fasi. *ferekra/ths: o(po/tan sxola/zh|s, nh=yon, i(/na ta\ lh/i+a sugkarkinwqh=|. le/getai karki/nos kai\ pa/qos ti sumbai=non e)n toi=s sw/masin: o(\ nu=n karki/nwma le/getai. eu(ri/sketai de\ polla/kis kai\ ku/rion o)/noma.
The second part of this entry is abridged and expanded from Harpokration (and Photius) s.v.
[1] In Sicily.
[2] See generally OCD(4) s.v. Carcinus(2).
[3] Harpok. gives Xenocles of Thorikos as Karkinos' father.
[4] A restoration in IG 2.2325, a list of victors in the tragic contests at the City Dionysia, gives Karkinos eleven victories, requiring the emendation of the Suda's a’ to ia’. See Pickard-Cambridge 112. For the fragments of Kratinos' plays, see Nauck 797-800. For Karkinos as a tragedian of the fourth century, see Webster 300-301.
[5] 380-377.
[6] Athenaeus, Deipnosophists 5.189D [5.15 Kaibel], cf. 13.559F [13.8].
[7] Lysias fr. 154 Sauppe, now 206 Carey OCT (where the meaning of "crab" is unclear).
[8] Pherecrates fr. 20 Kock (24 K.-A.), from the Deserters. The manuscript reading nh=yon ('stay sober') from nh/fw is emended to nei=yon ('snow'). See also Harpok.; Pollux 7.150. (The comment is addressed to Zeus.)
August Nauck. Tragicorum Graecorum fragmenta. Supplementum continens nova fragmenta Euripidea et Adespota apud scriptores veteres reperta. Edited by Bruno Snell. Hildesheim: G. Olms, 1964
T.B.L. Webster, "Fourth Century Tragedy and the Poets." Hermes 82 (1954): 294-308
Keywords: agriculture; biography; chronology; comedy; dialects, grammar, and etymology; food; geography; medicine; mythology; rhetoric; tragedy; zoology
Translated by: Wm. Blake Tyrrell on 19 September 2005@20:44:46.
Vetted by:
Catharine Roth (cosmetics, status) on 22 September 2005@20:25:10.
Elizabeth Vandiver (Added italics) on 22 September 2005@21:54:21.
David Whitehead (augmented notes and keywords) on 25 September 2005@06:15:50.
David Whitehead (updated n.7; tweaks and cosmetics) on 11 July 2011@04:29:28.
David Whitehead (another keyword; cosmetics) on 28 January 2013@04:53:10.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 4 August 2014@05:51:00.
David Whitehead (expanded a ref) on 16 January 2015@05:44:28.
Catharine Roth (tweaked betacode) on 6 September 2015@01:37:05.
Catharine Roth (tweaked translation) on 13 April 2019@01:17:18.
Catharine Roth (cross-reference) on 13 April 2019@01:20:25.
Catharine Roth (undid last vetting) on 13 April 2019@01:27:23.


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