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Headword: Κυψελιδῶν ἀνάθημα ἐν Ὀλυμπίᾳ
Adler number: kappa,2804
Translated headword: Kypselids' dedication in Olympia; Cypselids' dedication in Olympia
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Plato in Phaedrus [mentions this]. "Beside the dedication of a wrought work by the Kypselidai was set up a colossus";[1] but it was not by the Kypselidai.[2] They say it was a dedication by Kypselos, as Agaklytos[3] under the 80th Olympiad[4] says as follows: "an ancient temple of Hera, a dedication by the people of Skillous, who belong to the Eleians. And in it there is a golden colossus, a dedication by Kypselos the Corinthian; for they say that Kypselos vowed that if he should become tyrant of the Corinthians he would make all their property sacred[5] up to the tenth year, and that he called in the tithes of their properties and prepared the sculpted colossus." But Didymos[6] says Periandros prepared the colossus with the aim of holding the Corinthians back from luxury and boldness. For indeed, Theophrastus in his work On Crises, book 2,[7] says as follows: "Other people expend heavily on more manly things, such as by leading out armies and arousing wars, just as Dionysios the tyrant did. For that man thought he must consume not only the things of other people but also his own, so that no financial resources should be available to conspirators. And the pyramids in Egypt, and the colossus of the Kypselidai, and all things of this kind seem to have this intention in a similar degree." A certain epigram of the colossus is quoted: "I myself am a golden sculpted colossus; may the line of the Kypselidai be doomed."[8] It is quoted by Apellas of Pontos[9] as follows: "I myself am a Naxian, I am an all-gold colossus; may the line of the Kypselidai be doomed."[10]
Greek Original:
Κυψελιδῶν ἀνάθημα ἐν Ὀλυμπίᾳ: Πλάτων ἐν Φαίδρῳ. παρὰ τὸ Κυψελιδῶν ἀνάθημα σφυρήματος ἐν Ὀλυμπίᾳ ἐστάθη κολοσσός: ἀλλ' οὐ τῶν Κυψελιδῶν. Κυψέλου δέ φασι τὸ ἀνάθημα, ὡς Ἀγακλυτὸς ἐν τῇ π# Ὀλυμπιάδι φησὶν οὕτως: ναὸς τῆς Ἥρας παλαιός, ἀνάθημα Σκιλλουντίων: οὗτοι δέ εἰσιν Ἠλείων. ἔνεστι δὲ ἐν αὐτῷ χρυσοῦς κολοσσός, ἀνάθημα Κυψέλου τοῦ Κορινθίου: φασὶ γὰρ τὸν Κύψελον εὐξάμενον, εἰ Κορινθίων τυραννεύσειε, τὰς οὐσίας πάντων εἰς δέκατον ἔτος ἀνιερώσειν, τὰς δεκάτας τῶν τιμημάτων εἰσπραξάμενον κατασκευάσαι τὸν σφυρήλατον κολοσσόν. Δίδυμος δὲ κατασκευάσαι τὸν κολοσσὸν φησὶ Περίανδρον ὑπὲρ τοῦ τῆς τρυφῆς καὶ τοῦ θράσους ἐπισχεῖν τοὺς Κορινθίους. καὶ γὰρ Θεόφραστος ἐν τῷ Περὶ καιρῶν β# λέγει οὕτως: ἕτεροι δ' εἰς ἀνδρωδέστερα καταδαπανῶντες, οἷον στρατιὰς ἐξάγοντες καὶ πολέμους ἐπαναιρούμενοι, καθάπερ καὶ Διονύσιος ὁ τύραννος. ἐκεῖνος γὰρ οὐ μόνον ᾤετο δεῖν τὰ τῶν ἄλλων καταναλίσκειν, ἀλλὰ καὶ τὰ αὑτοῦ, πρὸς τὸ μὴ ὑπάρχειν ἐφόδιον τοῖς ἐπιβουλεύουσιν. ἐοίκασι δὲ καὶ αἱ πυραμίδες ἐν Αἰγύπτῳ καὶ ὁ τῶν Κυψελιδῶν κολοσσὸς καὶ πάντα τὰ τοιαῦτα τὴν αὐτὴν καὶ παραπλησίαν ἔχειν διάνοιαν. φέρεται δέ τι καὶ ἐπίγραμμα τοῦ κολοσσοῦ: αὐτὸς ἐγὼ χρυσοῦς σφυρήλατός εἰμι κολοσσός: ἐξώλης εἴη Κυψελιδῶν γενεά. ὅπερ Ἀπελλᾶς ὁ Ποντικὸς οὕτω προφέρεται: εἰμὶ ἐγὼ Νάξιος, παγχρύσεος εἰμὶ κολοσσός: ἐξώλης εἴη Κυψελιδῶν γενεά.
Notes:
The Kypselids (Kypselidai) comprise Kypselos, tyrant of Corinth in the the 7th century BC (traditionally c.657–627), and his descendants, principally his son Periandros/Periander (ruled c.627–587).
The whole entry is copied with small changes from Photius kappa1280 Theodoridis; and cf. the other references there.
[1] Plato, Phaedrus 236B, with slight changes. Notably, the Suda has σφυρήματος for Plato's (and Photius's) σφυρήλατος (cf. sigma 1763). Σφύρημα , here translated as 'wrought work', occurs elsewhere only in Hesychius s.v. σφυρήματα , who defines it as 'iron things, because not cast'. In the Suda this seems to be a simple copyist’s mistake. Also, Photius and the Suda alike have ἐστάθη (‘was set up’) in place of Plato’s στάθητι (second person singular aorist passive imperative). The Plato passage is translated by H.N. Fowler (Loeb/Perseus version) as 'your statue of beaten metal shall stand at Olympia beside the offering of the Cypselids', but would more accurately be given as an imperative: 'go and get set up as a wrought statue at Olympia ...'.
[2] Presumably a deduction from the epigram quoted below.
[3] FGrH 411 F1 (his only such "fragment").
[4] The 80th Olympiad is 460–457, long after the age of the Corinthian tyrants. Photius has been misread here: 'in his book On Olympia', i.e. peri not the numeral p.
[5] cf. Herodotos 5.92: 'Having thus got the tyranny, he showed himself a harsh ruler -- many of the Corinthians he drove into banishment, many he deprived of their fortunes, and a still greater number of their lives'. (Trans. Rawlinson.)
[6] The Alexandrian scholar of the first century BC; this is p.404 Schmidt.
[7] Theophrastus fr. 128 Wimmer (609 FHS&G). This appears to be a shorter title of the work also referred to as Politics Regarding Crises and Regarding Crises. See 589 no. 4a-6 FHS&G.
[8] Photius has here, more intelligibly (with Cobet's emendation): 'if I myself am not a golden sculpted colossus, may etc.'
[9] Apellas a.k.a. Apollas (3rd century BC): see FGrH 266 F5, and again at rho 211. He wrote Delphika and On the Cities of the Peloponnese. The present passage is fr. 6 in Müller, FHG (from which TLG takes its text, rather than from Jacoby), where it is assigned to the second work.
[10] Here again, in this second version of the epigram, the Suda mangles Photius' text, which Theodoridis gives as: 'if I myself am not a (?)solid all-gold colossus, may etc'. The island of Naxos has no place here; for naxos as 'solid', see LSJ s.v.
Keywords: architecture; art history; biography; chronology; definition; ethics; geography; historiography; history; military affairs; philosophy; poetry; religion
Translated by: D. Graham J. Shipley on 26 March 2008@01:36:16.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (suppplied keywords; tweaks and cosmetics) on 26 March 2008@04:39:30.
David Whitehead (augmented n.7) on 19 May 2008@08:04:05.
David Mirhady (Updated refs to Theophr.) on 25 July 2008@12:45:13.
David Whitehead (x-ref) on 20 January 2010@07:00:36.
David Whitehead (tweak to n.1) on 27 March 2011@06:47:28.
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics; raised status) on 25 March 2013@11:14:18.
David Whitehead (typo) on 3 September 2013@09:14:48.
Catharine Roth (typo, cross-reference) on 16 May 2014@01:16:51.

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