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Headword: Κῦρος
Adler number: kappa,2778
Translated headword: Kyros, Cyrus, Kurush
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
[Note] that "because of the assessment of tribute, the Persians used to say that Dareios was a shop-keeper, Kambyses a master, and Kyros a father. The first, because he merchandised all things; the second, because he was harsh and arrogant; and the last, because he was kind and contrived good things for them."[1]
Greek Original:
Κῦρος: ὅτι διὰ τὴν ἐπίταξιν τοῦ φόρου ἔλεγον οἱ Πέρσαι, ὡς Δαρεῖος μὲν ἦν κάπηλος, Καμβύσης δὲ δεσπότης, Κῦρος δὲ πατήρ. ὁ μέν, ὅτι ἐκαπήλευε πάντα τὰ πρήγματα: ὁ δὲ χαλεπός τε ἦν καὶ ὀλίγωρος: ὁ δέ, ὅτι ἤπιός τε καὶ ἀγαθά σφι τὰ ἐμηχανήσατο.
Notes:
[1] A reasonably accurate quotation of Herodotus 3.89.3: see web address 1.
Kurush (Old Persian) -- Kyros to the Greeks (cf. kappa 2777) -- was the founder of the Persian empire and reigned c. 559 to 530 BCE. His son Kambujiya, or Kambyses (see also under kappa 2777), reigned from 530 to 522, and the usurper Darayavaush, Dareios I (delta 72, delta 73), who according to Herodotus first imposed tribute on the empire, from 522 to 486.
Reference:
Pierre Briant, Histoire de l'Empire Perse de Cyrus à Alexandre (Paris 1996), is the standard work on the Old Persian Empire.
Associated internet address:
Web address 1
Keywords: biography; economics; ethics; historiography; history; military affairs
Translated by: John Hyland on 9 May 2000@18:58:50.
Vetted by:
Helma Dik on 23 May 2000@12:15:44.
David Whitehead (cosmetics) on 28 March 2001@07:25:10.
David Whitehead (x-refs; more keywords; cosmetics) on 14 July 2006@06:28:01.
David Whitehead on 25 March 2013@09:14:03.
Catharine Roth (upgraded link) on 25 March 2013@17:31:57.

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