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Headword: Κρίσκος
Adler number: kappa,2446
Translated headword: Crispus
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Name[1] of the son of Constantine the Great. Constantine killed him without trial, though he had already been given the title of Caesar. He came under suspicion of having intercourse with his stepmother Fausta, paying no heed to the law of nature. Since Helena, the mother of Constantine, had a hard time bearing such a disgrace, Constantine consoled her by telling her he had cured the evil with a greater evil; for he had had a bath house completely burned down; having placed Fausta in it he brought her out dead. (It would be interesting to find out whether he did this after he had been baptised.[2])
Greek Original:
Κρίσκος, ὄνομα τοῦ υἱοῦ Κωνσταντίνου τοῦ μεγάλου: ὃν κατακτείνει ἄκριτον, ἤδη τῆς τοῦ Καίσαρος ἀξιωθέντα τιμῆς, ἐς ὑποψίαν ἐλθόντα τοῦ Φαύστῃ τῇ μητρυιᾷ συνεῖναι, τοῦ τῆς φύσεως θεσμοῦ μηδένα λόγον ποιησάμενος. τῆς δὲ Κωνσταντίνου μητρὸς Ἑλένης ἐπὶ τῷ τηλικούτῳ πάθει δυσχεραινούσης παραμυθούμενος αὐτὴν ὥσπερ ὁ Κωνσταντῖνος κακῷ τὸ κακὸν ἰάσατο μείζονι: βαλανεῖον γὰρ ὑπὲρ τὸ μέτρον ἐκπυρώσας, τούτῳ τὴν Φαύσταν ἐναποθέμενος ἐξήγαγε νεκράν. ζητητέον δὲ εἰ μετὰ τὸ βαπτισθῆναι αὐτὸν τοῦτο ἐποίησεν.
Notes:
This material (apart from the final "editorial" comment) comes from Zosimus 2.29.
[1] The Suda gives the name here as Criscus (Kriskos) and at pi 2302 as Priscus.
[2] This "mysterious scandal" (OCD(4) p.364) occurred in 326 AD, eleven years before his death-bed baptism (ibidem p.380).
Keywords: architecture; biography; Christianity; dialects, grammar, and etymology; ethics; gender and sexuality; historiography; history; law; religion; women
Translated by: William Hutton on 10 February 2001@00:52:09.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added notes) on 10 February 2001@08:38:43.
Catharine Roth (cosmetic) on 11 August 2004@00:16:17.
David Whitehead (more keywords) on 13 December 2005@06:50:41.
David Whitehead (augmented notes; another keyword) on 6 March 2008@08:33:35.
David Whitehead on 18 March 2013@05:36:31.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 4 August 2014@07:44:33.

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