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Headword: Κρέκειν
Adler number: kappa,2366
Translated headword: to strike
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Also [sc. attested is] κρεκόντων ["of them striking"],[1] [meaning] of them playing the kithara,[2] of them touching [sc. the strings].[3]
Greek Original:
Κρέκειν. καὶ Κρεκόντων, κρουόντων τὴν κιθάραν, ἐγγιζόντων.
Notes:
The unglossed headword is the present infinitive active of the verb κρέκω ("I strike, stroke"; see LSJ s.v. and Hesychius kappa4044 s.v. κρέκει ("he/she/it strikes"). In her critical apparatus, Adler cites Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica 4.909 with scholion, where the cognate form κρεγμῷ (masculine dative singular of κρεγμός , "sound of stringed instruments", cf. LSJ s.v.) occurs; cf. Etymologicum Magnum 536.34. Adler also cites Ambrosian Lexicon 1707.
[1] Present active participle, masculine or neuter genitive plural, of the headword verb; evidently quoted from somewhere. The exact form is attested only here; however, there is one instance of the compound ὑποκρεκόντων ("of strikings upon") at upsilon 522.
[2] The first glossing participle is the same form, but from the verb κρούω , "I smite, strike" or, generally, "I play"; see LSJ s.v. The kithara (κιθάρα, ἡ, κιθάρας ; whence the English guitar; here in the feminine accusative singular) was the Greek box lyre; cf. kappa 1590 and West, pp. 50-6. Although there is considerable overlap in terminology, it is to be distinguished from the bowl lyre, of which the barbitos (cf. beta 107, beta 110, and LSJ s.v.) is one type (ibid., pp. 56-9). On lyres generally, cf. lambda 850 and omicron 661.
[3] The second glossing participle is the same form again, but from the later verb ἐγγίζω ("I come near, approach, touch"); see LSJ s.v.
Reference:
M.L. West, Ancient Greek Music, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1992
Keywords: definition; dialects, grammar, and etymology; meter and music; poetry
Translated by: Ronald Allen on 29 December 2008@02:16:44.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (tweaks and cosmetics) on 29 December 2008@04:14:38.
Catharine Roth (typo, cosmetics) on 29 December 2008@12:05:23.
David Whitehead on 17 March 2013@07:42:20.
Catharine Roth (coding) on 12 January 2015@00:47:50.

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