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Headword: Κράτης
Adler number: kappa,2342
Translated headword: Crates, Krates
Vetting Status: high
Translation:
Son of Timocrates; of Mallus;[1] Stoic philosopher. He was nicknamed 'Homeric' and 'Critic'[2] because of his intense engagement in grammatical and poetic discourses. A contemporary of Aristarchus the grammarian,[3] in the time of Ptolemy Philometor.[4] He composed a (?)Textual Criticism of the Iliad and Odyssey in 9 books;[5] etc.
Greek Original:
Κράτης, Τιμοκράτους, Μαλλώτης, φιλόσοφος Στωϊκός: ὃς ἐπεκλήθη Ὁμηρικὸς καὶ Κριτικός, διὰ τὴν καὶ περὶ τοὺς γραμματικοὺς καὶ ποιητικοὺς λόγους αὐτοῦ ἐπίστασιν: σύγχρονος Ἀριστάρχου τοῦ γραμματικοῦ, ἐπὶ Πτολεμαίου τοῦ Φιλομήτορος. συνέταξε διόρθωσιν Ἰλιάδος καὶ Ὀδυσσείας βιβλίοις θ#: καὶ ἄλλα.
Notes:
C2 BC. Cf. gamma 506, and see generally: RE Krates(16); OCD4 Crates(3).
[1] In Cilicia.
[2] For an important essay on the nature of the literary activity of Crates and the κριτικοί , as revealed through their influence on Philodemus, see R. Janko's edition 128-34.
[3] alpha 3892.
[4] Ptolemy VI (reigned 180-145).
[5] See Pfeiffer 238-9 on the nature and scope of this work.
References:
P.M. Fraser, Ptolemaic Alexandria (Oxford: OUP, 1972) 465-7
Philodemus, On Poems, Book I, ed. R. Janko (Oxford: OUP, 2000) 128-34
R. Pfeiffer, History of Classical Scholarship (Oxford: OUP, 1968) 238-46
Keywords: biography; chronology; epic; geography; philosophy; poetry; rhetoric
Translated by: Malcolm Heath on 8 May 2002@21:28:04.
Vetted by:
David Whitehead (added notes and keyword; cosmetics) on 9 May 2002@04:04:11.
Robert Dyer (Added new note 2, with related bibliography and keyword) on 17 December 2002@06:50:39.
David Whitehead (added note; cosmetics) on 17 December 2002@07:32:02.
David Whitehead (added x-ref) on 14 July 2003@04:18:10.
David Whitehead (another keyword; cosmetics) on 17 March 2013@06:25:31.
David Whitehead (updated a ref) on 2 August 2014@07:12:24.

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